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Prediction of hybrid performance for Fusarium head blight resistance in triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack)

Abstract

Like other small grain cereals, triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) is also affected by Fusarium head blight (FHB) which is a serious plant disease leading to yield losses and to a contamination of feed and food by harmful mycotoxins. Use of resistant varieties is the most effective way to manage FHB infections. More recently, commercial hybrid breeding in autogamous cereals has received increased interest. Therefore, we built a bridge between hybrid and resistance breeding and conducted a multi-environmental field trial using deliberate inoculation with Fusarium culmorum to: (i) evaluate different hybrid prediction approaches based on phenotypic and/or genomic data; (ii) compare the effect of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) inducing cytoplasm and normal (N) cytoplasm on FHB resistance. We evaluated 226 single cross hybrids, their paternal and maternal lines in both CMS- and N-cytoplasm. Our analysis revealed a large genetic variation for FHB resistance. Single cross hybrids tended to be more resistant than their parental lines. We observed a close association between N-lines and CMS-lines for FHB resistance. We found a predominance of σ 2 GCA over σ 2 SCA for FHB resistance. Correlation between the sum of general combining ability (GCA) effects and hybrid performance was high for FHB resistance. Mid-parent performance served as a moderate indicator for FHB resistance of single crosses. Best linear unbiased prediction of hybrid performance based on relatedness between tested and untested genotypes estimated by marker data showed great potential for hybrid prediction when no reliable per se information or GCA estimates are available.

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Acknowledgments

The marker data have been collected within the “HY-ENERGY” project funded by the Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe (FNR, Grant ID: 22014411/11NR144). We thank Heike Goßlau, Hans Häge, Tim Fauser, and Jacek Till for their outstanding work in the lab and field.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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The authors declare that the experiments comply with the current laws of Germany.

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Correspondence to Hans Peter Maurer.

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Boeven, P.H.G., Würschum, T., Weissmann, S. et al. Prediction of hybrid performance for Fusarium head blight resistance in triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack). Euphytica 207, 475–490 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-015-1498-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-015-1498-9

Keywords

  • Hybrid prediction
  • General combining ability
  • Specific combining ability
  • Best linear unbiased prediction
  • Triticale