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Euphytica

, Volume 198, Issue 2, pp 223–229 | Cite as

Resistance to Wheat streak mosaic virus identified in synthetic wheat lines

  • Jessica L. Shoup Rupp
  • Zachary G. Simon
  • Beth Gillett-Walker
  • John P. FellersEmail author
Article

Abstract

Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) is an important pathogen in wheat that causes significant yield losses each year. WSMV is typically controlled using cultural practices such as the removal of volunteer wheat. Genetic resistance is limited. Until recently, no varieties have been available with major resistance genes to WSMV. Two resistance genes have been derived from Thinopyrum intermedium through chromosome engineering, while a third gene was transferred from bread wheat through classical breeding. New sources of resistance are needed and synthetic wheat lines provide a means of accessing genetic variability in wheat progenitors. A collection of wheat synthetic lines was screened for WSMV resistance. Four lines, 07-SYN-27, -106, -164, and -383 had significant levels of resistance. Resistance was effective at 18 °C and virus accumulation was similar to the resistant control, WGGRC50 containing Wsm1. At 25 °C, resistance was no longer effective and virus accumulation was similar to the susceptible control, Tomahawk.

Keywords

Virus resistance Wheat streak mosaic virus Synthetic wheat lines 

Abbreviations

WSMV

Wheat streak mosaic virus

CIMMYT

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico

ELISA

Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

Notes

Acknowledgments

Zachary G. Simon and Beth Gillett-Walker began this work as part of their undergraduate research project at Kansas State University. The authors would like to thank Drs. Bernd Friebe and Perry Gustafson for their input in the writing of this paper. We would also like to thank Jon Raupp, Garret Kennedy and Katie Neugebauer-McRell for their assistance in the work. This work is supported by USDA Agricultural Research Service CRIS 5430-20000-005D and is a joint contribution of the USDA ARS and the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. KAES contribution number: 13-017-J.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht (outside the USA) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica L. Shoup Rupp
    • 1
  • Zachary G. Simon
    • 1
  • Beth Gillett-Walker
    • 1
  • John P. Fellers
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  2. 2.USDA-ARS Hard Winter Wheat Genetics Research UnitManhattanUSA

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