Skip to main content

Yield stability of rust-resistant soybean lines at four mid-altitude tropical locations

Abstract

Asian soybean rust is a major threat to worldwide soybean production at present. Host plant resistance offers the most sustainable control strategy to resource poor farmers in sub-Saharan Africa and worldwide. Using 13 soybean lines bred for resistance to soybean rust, and 2 checks, yield trials were conducted at four regions of Uganda for four consecutive seasons to determine yield stability and reaction to soybean rust disease. An additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model was used to assess the yield stability of the soybean lines. Stable lines identified included MNG 7.13, MNG 8.10, and MNG 1.63, which showed the lowest environmental interaction. These lines also out-yielded the local checks by over 300 kg ha−1, indicating that they have potential to boost soybean yields in the tropics. Line MNG 8.10 showed adaptability to most of the locations and had the highest yield among the three most stable lines, making it the most promising line; it is therefore recommended for release to improve soybean production and productivity in the region.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Abalo G, Hakiza JJ, El-Bedewy R, Adipala E (2003) Genotype × Environment interaction studies on yields of selected potato genotypes in Uganda. Afr Crop Sci J 11:9–15

    Google Scholar 

  2. Adugna A (2008) Assessment of yield stability in sorghum using univariate and multivariate statistical approaches. Hereditas 145:28–37

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Annichiarico P, Perenzin M (1994) Adaptation patterns and definition of macro-environment for selection and recommendation of common wheat in Italy. Plant Breed 113:197–205

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Bromfield KR, Hartwig EE (1980) Resistance to soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) and mode of inheritance. Crop Sci 20:254–255

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Crossa J, Gauch HG, Zobel RW (1990) Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction analysis of two international maize cultivar trials. Crop Sci 30:493–500

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Dorrance AE, Draper MA, Hershman DE (eds) (2007) Using foliar fungicides to manage soybean rust. Land-Grant Universities Cooperating NCERA-208 and OMAF, Columbus, OH

  7. FAO (2004) FAOSTAT: FAO statistical databases. FAO, UN, Rome. Available via DIALOG. http://faostat.fao.org/

  8. Garcia A, Calvo ES, de Souza Kiihl RA, Harada A, Hiromoto DM, Vieira LG (2008) Molecular mapping of soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) resistance genes: discovery of a novel locus and alleles. Theor Appl Genet 117:545–553

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Gauch HG (1992) Statistical analysis of regional yield trials—AMMI analysis of factorial designs. Elsevier, Amsterdam

    Google Scholar 

  10. Gauch HG (2006) Statistical analysis of yield trials by AMMI and GGE. Crop Sci 46:1488–1500

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Gauch GH, Zobel RW (1996) AMMI analysis of yield trials. In: Kang MS, Gauch HG (eds) Genotype by environment interaction. CRC, New York, pp 85–122

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  12. Hartman GL, Miles MR, Frederick RD (2005) Breeding for resistance to soybean rust. Plant Dis 89:664–666

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Hartwig EE (1986) Identification of a fourth major gene conferring resistance to soybean rust. Crop Sci 26:1135–1136

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Hartwig EE, Bromfield KR (1983) Relationships among three genes conferring specific resistance to rust in soybeans. Crop Sci 23:237–239

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Kawuki R, Adipala E, Tukamuhabwa P (2003) Yield loss associated with soya bean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd.) in Uganda. J Phytopathol 151:7–12

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Kaya Y, Palta C, Taner S (2002) Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions analysis of yield performances in bread wheat genotypes across environments. Turk J Agric For 26:275–279

    Google Scholar 

  17. Kiryowa M, Tukamuhabwa P, Adipala E (2008) Genetic analysis of resistance to soybean rust disease. Afr Crop Sci J 16:211–217

    Google Scholar 

  18. Lamo J (2003) Occurrence, characterisation and development of inoculation techniques for Phakopsora pachyrhizi in Uganda. MSc. Thesis, Makerere University, Kampala

  19. Levy C (2003a) Experiences with soybean rust in Africa. A presentation during Teleconference No. 5 by the Technical Science Working Group on Soybean Rust (SBR) held on July 16, 2003. Regional IPM Centers. Online at: www.ipmcenters.org/newsalerts/soybeanrust/summary5.pdf

  20. Levy C (2003b) Measures to control soybean rust in Southern Africa and an initial investigation of the meteorological factors that favour its development. (Abstr.). Phytopathology 93:S103

    Google Scholar 

  21. Levy C (2004) Zimbabwe—a country report on soybean rust control. In: Moscardi F, Hoffman-Campo CB, Ferreira Saraiva O, Galerani PR, Krzyzanowski FC, Carrão-Panizzi MC (eds) Proceedings of VII world soybean research conference, IV international soybean processing and utilization conference, III Congresso Mundial de Soja (Brazilian soybean conference), Emprapa Soybean Londrina, pp 340–348

  22. Levy C (2005) Epidemiology and chemical control of soybean rust in Southern Africa. Plant Dis 89:669–674

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Li W, Yan ZH, Wei YM, Lan XJ, Zheng YL (2006) Evaluation of genotype × environment interactions in Chinese spring wheat by the AMMI model, correlation and path analysis. J Agron Crop Sci 192:221–227

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. McKevith B (2005) Nutritional aspects of oilseeds. Nutr Bull 30:1326

    Google Scholar 

  25. McLean RJ, Byth DE (1980) Inheritance of resistance to rust (Phakopsora pachyrhzi) in soybeans. Aust J Agric Res 31:951–956

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Monteros MJ, Missaoui AM, Phillips DV, Walker DR, Boerma HR (2007) Mapping and confirmation of the ‘Hyuuga’ red–brown lesion resistance gene for Asian soybean rust. Crop Sci 47:829–836

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Mueller TA, Miles MR, Morel W, Marois JJ, Wright DL, Kemerait RC, Levy C, Hartman GL (2009) Effect of fungicide and timing of application on soybean rust severity and yield. Plant Dis 93:243–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Ntawuruhunga PH, Rubaihayo P, Whyte JBA, Dixon AGO, Osiru DSO (2001) Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction analysis for storage root yield of cassava genotypes evaluated in Uganda. Afr Crop Sci J 9:591–598

    Google Scholar 

  29. Oloka HK, Tukamuhabwa P, Sengooba T, Shanmugasundram S (2008) Reaction of exotic soybean germplasm to Phakopsora pachyrhizi in Uganda. Plant Dis 92:1493–1496

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Oloka HK, Tukamuhabwa P, Sengooba T, Adipala E, Kabayi P (2009) Potential for soybean rust tolerance among elite soybean lines in Uganda. Crop Prot 28:1076–1080

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Pham TA, Miles MR, Frederick RD, Hill CB, Hartman GL (2009) Differential responses of resistant soybean genotypes to ten isolates of Phakopsora Pachyrhizi. Plant Dis 93:224–228

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Pivonia S, Yang XB (2006) Relating epidemic progress from a general disease model to seasonal appearance time of rusts in the United States: implications for soybean rust. Phytopathology 96:400–407

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Sivapalan S, Brien LO, Ferrara GO, Hollamby GL, Barclay I, Martin PJ (2000) An adaptation analysis of Australian and CIMMYT/ICARDA wheat germplasm in Australian production environments. Aust J Agric Res 51:903–915

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Smith J, Woodworth JB, Dashiell KE (1995) Government policy and farm-level technologies: the expansion of soybean in Nigeria. IITA Res 11:14–18

    Google Scholar 

  35. Sudaric A, Simic AD, Vrataric M (2006) Characterization of genotype by environment interactions in soybean breeding programmes of southeast Europe. Plant Breed 125:191–194

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Tukamuhabwa P (1992) The status of soybean industry in Uganda. Proceedings of the first national workshop on soybean production and utilization, 2–6 Mar 1992, Mukono DFI, Uganda

  37. Tukamuhabwa P, Dashiell KE, Assafo-Adjei B (2001) Determination of yield loss caused by soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd.) in four genotypes of soybeans. Afr Crop Sci Conf Proc 5:423–426

    Google Scholar 

  38. UBOS (Uganda Bureau of Statistics) (2006) Statistical abstracts. Uganda Bureau of Statistics, Kampala

  39. Wamatu JN, Thomas E (2002) The influence of genotype–environment interaction on the grain yields of 10 Pigeonpea cultivars grown in Kenya. J Agron Crop Sci 188:25–33

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Yamanaka N et al (2010) Development of classification criteria for resistance to soybean rust and differences in virulence among Japanese and Brazilian rust populations. Trop Plant Pathol 35:153–162

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Yan W, Rajcan I (2002) Biplots analysis of the test sites and trait relations of soybean in Ontario. Crop Sci 42:11–20

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) and the Vegetable Oil Development Project (VODP) of the Government of Uganda for providing the funds that were used to conduct this work. We also thank Makerere University and the National Agricultural Research Organisation for providing the facilities that enabled us to carry out the work presented in this paper.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to H. K. Oloka.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Tukamuhabwa, P., Oloka, H.K., Sengooba, T. et al. Yield stability of rust-resistant soybean lines at four mid-altitude tropical locations. Euphytica 183, 1–10 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0404-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • AMMI model
  • G×E interaction
  • Stability
  • Genotype
  • Soybean rust resistance