Advertisement

Euphytica

, Volume 179, Issue 1, pp 105–108 | Cite as

Role of Berberis spp. as alternate hosts in generating new races of Puccinia graminis and P. striiformis

Article

Abstract

The common barberry and several other Berberis spp. serve as the alternate hosts to two important rust pathogens of small grains and grasses, Puccinia graminis and P. striiformis. Barberry eradication has been practiced for centuries as a means to control stem rust. Diverse virulence variations have been observed in populations of P. graminis f. sp. tritici that were associated with susceptible barberries in North America. Barberry likely has played a role in generating new races of P. striiformis f. sp. tritici in some regions in the world. Several North American stem rust races, namely races 56, 15B and QCC, initially originated from barberry, were subsequently responsible for generating large-scale epidemics. Thus, sexual cycles on Berberis spp. may generate virulence combinations that could have serious consequences to cereal crop production.

Keywords

Barberry Life cycle Stem rust Stripe rust Wheat 

References

  1. Ahrendt L (1961) Berberis and Mahonia, a taxonomic revision. Bot J Linn Soc 57:1–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burdon JJ, Roelfs AP (1985) Isozyme and virulence variation in asexually reproducing populations of Puccinia graminis and P. recondita on wheat. Phytopathology 75:907–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chen WQ, Wu LR, Liu TG, Xu SC, Jin SL, Peng YL, Wang BT (2009) Race dynamics, diversity, and virulence evolution in Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, the causal agent of wheat stripe rust in China from 2003 to 2007. Plant Dis 93:1093–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Craigie JH (1927) Discovery of the function of the pycnia of the rust fungi. Nature 120:765–767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Duan X, Tellier A, Wan A, Leconte M, de Vallavieille-Pope C, Enjalbert J (2010) Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici presents high diversity and recombination in the over-summering zone of Gansu, China. Mycologia 102:44–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Jin Y, Szabo L, Carson M (2010) Century-old mystery of Puccinia striiformis life history solved with the identification of Berberis spp. as an alternate host. Phytopathology 100:432–435PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kim YD, Kim SH, Landrum LR (2004) Taxonomic and phytogeographic implications from ITS phylogeny in Berberis (Berberidaceae). J Plant Res 117:175–182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lekomtseva SN, Volkova VT, Zaitseva LG, Chaika MN (2006) Races of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in the Russian federation in 2004. Ann Wheat Newsl 52:100–101Google Scholar
  9. Martens JW, Dunsmore KM, Harder DE (1989) Incidence and virulence of Puccinia graminis in Canada on wheat and barley in 1988. Can J Plant Pathol 11:424–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Newton M, Johnson T, Brown AM (1930) A preliminary study on the hybridization of physiologic forms of Puccinia graminis tritici. Sci Agric 10:721–731Google Scholar
  11. Roane CW, Stakman EC, Leogering WQ, Stewart DM, Watson WM (1960) Survival of physiologic races of Puccinia graminis var. tritici on wheat near barberry bushes. Phytopathology 50:40–44Google Scholar
  12. Roelfs AP (1982) Effects of barberry eradication on stem rust in the United States. Plant Dis 66:177–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Roelfs AP, Groth JV (1980) A comparison of virulence phenotypes in wheat stem rust populations reproducing sexually and asexually. Phytopathology 70:855–862CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rouse MN, Stoxen S, Chen X, Szabo LJ, Jin Y (2009) Diverse stem rust races found in a single field in Washington, USA. Phytopathology 99:S111 (abstract)Google Scholar
  15. Stakman EC (1919) The black stem rust and the barberry. In: US Department of Agriculture Year book, pp 75–100Google Scholar
  16. Stakman EC, Rodenhiser HA (1958) Race 15B of wheat stem rust-what it is and what it means. Adv Agron 10:143–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Stakman EC, Levin MN, Cotter RU (1930) Origin of physiologic forms of Puccinia graminis through hybridization and mutation. Sci Agric 10:707–720Google Scholar
  18. Steffenson BJ (1992) Analysis of durable resistance to stem rust in barley. Euphytica 63:153–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Waterhouse WL (1929) A preliminary account of the origin of two new Australian physiologic forms of Puccinia graminis tritici. Proc Linn Soc NSW 54:96–106Google Scholar
  20. Zadoks JC, Bouwman JJ (1985) Epidemiology in Europe. In: Roelfs AP, Bushnell WR (eds) The cereal rusts: diseases, distribution, epidemiology, and control, vol 2. Academic Press, Orlando, pp 329–369Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. (outside the USA)  2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA-ARS Cereal Disease Laboratory, University of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

Personalised recommendations