Wild Lactuca germplasm for lettuce breeding: current status, gaps and challenges

Abstract

In this review, we present a critical analysis of the current status of wild Lactuca L. germplasm in relation to its utility for lettuce breeding. We discuss wild Lactuca germplasm in ex situ collections from the perspectives of taxonomy, biogeography, biology and ecology, gene pools, field exploration and acquisition, descriptor development, characterization and evaluation, and enhancement. Future research and other activities related to wild Lactuca germplasm and their continued exploitation in lettuce breeding are considered.

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Acknowledgments

Critical reading and valuable remarks by Dr. M. P. Widrlechner (USDA-ARS, Iowa State University, North Central Regional Plant Introduction Station, Ames, Iowa, USA) are gratefully acknowledged. The research was supported by grant MSM 6198959215 (Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic).

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Lebeda, A., Doležalová, I., Křístková, E. et al. Wild Lactuca germplasm for lettuce breeding: current status, gaps and challenges. Euphytica 170, 15 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-009-9914-7

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Keywords

  • Taxonomy
  • Biogeography
  • Ecology
  • Gene pools
  • Collecting
  • Gene banks
  • Duplicates
  • Descriptors
  • Genetic diversity
  • Phenology
  • DNA content
  • Disease resistance
  • Biochemical features
  • Molecular polymorphism