Skip to main content

Insect-aided natural out-crossing in four wild relatives of pigeonpea

Abstract

Insect-aided natural out-crossing in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is a common event. It is considered to be a prime constraint in maintaining genetic purity of cultivars and genetic stocks. On the contrary, the out-crossing has also been exploited to select high-yielding varieties from landraces. This paper, for the first time, reports natural out-crossing in four wild relatives of pigeonpea. The highest (17.1%) natural out-crossing was recorded in C. lineatus and it was comparable to the control cultivar Asha (22.2%). C. albicans and C. scarabaeoides exhibited 10.0 and 8.3% out-crossing, respectively. C. sericeus was found to have lowest (2.3%) natural out-crossing. A process of breeding a new cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterility (CMS) system arising from a natural hybrid of C. lineatus has also been described. Once stabilized, this CMS will be used in breeding programs aimed to develop high-yielding pigeonpea hybrids.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Bhatia GK, Gupta SC, Green JM, Sharma D (1981) Estimates of natural cross-pollination in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Several experimental approaches International Workshop on Pigeonpeas, vol 2, 15–19 Dec 1980. ICRISAT Center, Patancheru, AP, India, pp 129–136

  2. De DN (1974) Pigeonpea. In: Hutchinson J (ed) Evolutionary studies in world crops. Cambridge Press, London, pp 79–87

    Google Scholar 

  3. Dundas IS (1990) Pigeonpea: cytology and cytogenetics-perspectives and prospects. In: Nene YL, Hall SD, Sheila VK (eds) The pigeonpea. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp 117–136

    Google Scholar 

  4. Gupta SC, Reddy LJ, Sharma D, Green JM, Murthi AN, Saxena KB (1981) Maintenance of pigeonpea cultivars. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Pigeonpeas, vol 1, 15–19 December 1980. ICRISAT, Patancheru, AP, India, pp 295–302

  5. Harlan JR, de Wet JMJ (1971) Towards a rational classification of cultivated plants. Taxon 20:509–517

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Howard A, Howard GC, Khan AR (1919) Studies in pollination of Indian crops. I. Mem Dep Indian Crops. India Bot Ser 10:195–200

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kaul MLH (1988) Male sterility in higher plants. In: Frankel R, Grossman M, Maliga P, Riley R (eds) Monograph, vol 10, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany

  8. Kumar RV, Saxena KB (2001) Wind pollination in pigeonpea. Indian J Genet 61(3):279–280

    Google Scholar 

  9. Onim JFG (1981) Pigeonpea improvement in Kenya. In: International Workshop on Pigeonpeas, vol 1, 15–19 December 1980. ICRISAT, Patancheru, AP, India, pp 427–436

  10. Pundir RPS, Singh RB (1985) Cytogenetics of F1 hybrids between Cajanus and Atylosia species and its phylogenetic implications. Theor Appl Genet 71:216–220

    Google Scholar 

  11. Ramanadam P (1990) Pigeonpea: genetic resources. In: Nene YL, Hall SD, Shelia VK (eds) The pigeonpea. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp 349–374

    Google Scholar 

  12. Saxena KB (2009) Evolution of hybrid breeding technology in pigeonpea. In: Ali M, Kumar S (eds) Milestones in food legume research. IIPR, Kanpur, India, pp 82–114

    Google Scholar 

  13. Saxena KB, Sharma D (1990) Pigeonpea: genetics. In: Nene YL, Hall SD, Shelia VK (eds) The pigeonpea. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp 137–158

    Google Scholar 

  14. Saxena KB, Singh L, Gupta MD (1990) Variation for natural out-crossing in pigeonpea. Euphytica 46:143–148

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Saxena KB, Kumar RV, Srivastava N, Shiying B (2005) A cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterility system derived from a cross between Cajanus cajanifolius and C. cajan. Euphytica 145:291–296

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Saxena KB, Kumar RV, Chopde VK, Gowda CLL, Rao KPC, Bantilan C (2009) ICPH 2671 the world’s first commercial grain legume hybrid reaches farmers. Paper presented at 14th Australian plant breeding and 11th SABRAO conference, Cairns, Australia, 10–14 August 2009

  17. Singh NB, Singh IP, Singh BB (2005) Pigeonpea breeding. In: Ali M, Shiv K (eds) Advances in pigeonpea research. IIPR, Kanpur, India, pp 67–95

    Google Scholar 

  18. van der Maesen LJG (1986) Cajanus, D.C. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). Agricultural University Wageningen papers 85–4 (1985). Agricultural University, Wageningen, The Netherlands, p 225

  19. Williams IH (1977) Behavior of insects foraging on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). Trop Agric 54:353–363

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgment

The authors acknowledge the help of Mr. Shrikant for typing this manuscript.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. B. Saxena.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Saxena, K.B., Kumar, R.V. Insect-aided natural out-crossing in four wild relatives of pigeonpea. Euphytica 173, 329–335 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-009-0088-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Natural out-crossing
  • Pigeonpea
  • [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]
  • Natural hybrids
  • Male-sterility
  • Wild relatives