Skip to main content

Analysis of genetic architecture for some physiological characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

Abstract

Combining ability for some important physiological parameters in sesame were examined to understand the nature of gene action and to identify parents for breeding programme. Seven diverse genotypes of sesame, their 21 F1s and 21 F2s were grown in summer, 2003, in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Data were collected on leaf area index (LAI) at 30, 45, 60 and 75 days after sowing (DAS), crop growth rate (CGR) estimated between 30–45 DAS, 45–60 DAS and 60–75 DAS, days to peak flowering (DPF), duration of flowering (DF), duration from peak flowering to maturity (DFM), oil content in percentage (OC) and oil yield (OY) plant−1. Analysis of combining ability was done on the above physiological characters following Method-2, Model-I of Griffing (Aust J Biol Sci 9:463–493 1956). Variances due to general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for all the physiological traits were highly significant in both F1 and F2 generations indicating importance of both additive and non-additive gene actions for the inheritance of all the physiological characters in both F1 and F2 generations. Preponderance of non-additive gene action was recorded for CGRs, LAI 3, LAI 4, DPF, DF and OY in both the F1 and the F2 generations. For OC additive gene action was predominant in F1 while non-additive gene action in F2. The genotype OS-Sel-2 appeared as best overall general combiner in both the F1 and the F2 generations. For DPF, DF and DFM, the variety B 67 was best general combiner, followed by CST 2002, which could be utilized for developing early flowering and early maturing lines with determinate growth habit. Association between GCA-effects and mean performance of the parents suggested that the performance per se could be a good indicator of its ability to transmit the desirable attributes to its progenies. Crosses CST 2002 × TKG 22, CST 2002 × MT 34, MT 34 × AAUDT 9304-14-4, AAUDT 9304-14-4 × B 67, TKG 22 × Rama and TKG 22 × B 67 which showed high SCA-effect for OY, also exhibited positive and significant SCA-effects for other physiological component characters in F1 generation. The overall results indicated that crosses CST 2002 × TKG 22 and MT 34 × AAUDT 9304-14-4 could be utilized for development of high oil yielding hybrids. The crosses OS-Sel-2 × AAUDT 9304-14-4, AAUDT 9304-14-4 × B 67 and MT 34 × OS-Sel-2 could be promising for isolation of superior recombinants for high oil yield coupled with early maturity and other growth characters in advanced generations of segregation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Arslan C, Uzun B, Ulger S, Cagirgan MI (2007) Determination of oil content and fatty acid composition of sesame mutants suited for intensive management conditions. J Am Oil Chem Soc 84:917–920

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Arunachalam V (1977) Heterosis for characters governed by two genes. J Genet 63:15–24

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ashri A (1998) Sesame breeding. Plant Breed Rev 16:179–228

    Google Scholar 

  • Babu DR, Kumar PVR, Rani CVD, Reddy AV (2004) Studies on combining ability for yield and yield components in sesame, Sesamum indicum L. J Oilseeds Res 21:260–262

    Google Scholar 

  • Baker RJ (1978) Issues in diallel analysis. Crop Sci 18:533–536

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Banerjee PP, Kole PC (2006) Genetic variability for some physiological characters in sesame (Sesamun indicum L.). Sesame Safflower Newsl 21:20–24

    Google Scholar 

  • Bedigian D (2003) Evolution of sesame revisited: domestication, diversity and prospects. Genet Resour Crop Evol 50:779–787

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bedigian D, Harlan JR (1986) Evidence for cultivation of sesame in the ancient world. Econ Bot 40:137–154

    Google Scholar 

  • Brown D (2001) The herb society of America. New encyclopedia of herbs and their uses. Dorling Kindersley Ltd, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Chakraborti P, Basu AK (2000) Combining ability analysis of oil content and fatty acid components in sesame under alluvial and saline conditions. Crop Res 19:505–511

    Google Scholar 

  • Chakraborti P, Basu AK (2001) Combining ability in sesame under alluvial and salt stress with special reference to yield. Crop Res 22:78–84

    Google Scholar 

  • Davasena N, Muralidharan V, Punitha D (2001) Studies on combining ability for yield related traits in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Res Crops 2:409–413

    Google Scholar 

  • Davidson A (1999) The Oxford companion to food. Oxford University Press, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Duhoon SS, Jyotishi A, Deshmukh MR, Singh NB (2004) Optimization of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) production through bio/natural inputs. 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane

  • Griffing JB (1956) Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Aust J Biol Sci 9:463–493

    Google Scholar 

  • Hallauer AR, Miranda FJB (1988) Quantitative genetics in maize breeding, 2nd edn. Iowa State University Press, USA

    Google Scholar 

  • Hunt R (1978) Plant growth analysis. Studies in biology, vol 96. Edward Arnold Ltd, London

    Google Scholar 

  • Janick J, Whipkey A (2002) Trends in new crops and new uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria

    Google Scholar 

  • Kapoor L (1990) Handbook of ayurvedic medicinal plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton

    Google Scholar 

  • Kar UC, Swain D, Mahapatra JR (2001) Heterosis in relation to combining ability for earliness characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Environ Ecol 19:219–222

    Google Scholar 

  • Krishnaiah G, Reddy KR, Reddy GLK, Sekhar MR (2002) Combining ability in sesame. Crop Res 24:72–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Laurentin HE, Karlovsky P (2006) Genetic relationship and diversity in sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) germplasm collection using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). BMC Genetics 7:10

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lee EA, Ahmadzadeh A, Tollenaar M (2005) Quantitative genetic analysis of the physiological process underlying maize grain yield. Crop Sci 45:981–987

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Liu XB, Jin J, Herbert SJ, Zhang Q, Wang G (2005) Yield components, dry matter, LAI and LAD of soybeans in Northeast China. Field Crops Res 93(1):85–93

    Google Scholar 

  • Loomis RS (1993) Optimization theory and crop improvement. In: Buxtion DR, Shibles R, Forsberg RA, Blad BL, Asay KH, Paulsen GM, Wilson RF (eds) International Crop Science I. Crop Science Society of America, Madison, pp 583–588

    Google Scholar 

  • Mather K, Jinks JL (1982) Biometrical genetics. University Press, Cambridge, pp 51–52

    Google Scholar 

  • Mohamed HMA, Awatif II (1998) The use of sesame oil unsaponifiable matter as a natural antioxidant. Food Chem 62(3):269–276

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Reddy BB, Arunachalam V (1981) Evaluation of heterosis through combining ability in pearl millet I. Single crosses. Indian J Genet 41:59–65

    Google Scholar 

  • Rojas BA, Sprague GF (1952) A comparison of various components in corn yield traits. General and specific combining ability and their interaction with locations and years. Agron J 44:462–466

    Google Scholar 

  • Sankar D, Sambandam G, Rao RM, Pugalendi KV (2005) Modulation of blood pressure, lipid profiles and redox status in hypertensive patients taking different edible oils. Clin Chim Acta 355:97–104

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saravanan S, Nadarajan N (2003) Combining ability studies in sesame. Crop Res 25:319–324

    Google Scholar 

  • Sharma SB (1994) Utilization of natural collections of sesame in India. In: Arora RK, Riley KW (eds) Sesame biodiversity in Asia—conservation, evaluation and improvement. IPGRI Office for South Asia, New Delhi, India

    Google Scholar 

  • Shattuck VI, Christie B, Corso C (1993) Principles of Griffing’s combining ability analysis. Genetica 90(1):73–77

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Singh S, Choudhary BS (1995) Combining ability for some metric traits in rice. Madras Agric J 82:165–169

    Google Scholar 

  • Singh KB, Gupta VP (1969) Combining ability in wheat. Indian J Genet 29:227–232

    Google Scholar 

  • Singh TH, Gupta SP, Phul PS (1971) Line × tester analysis of combining ability in cotton. Indian J Genet 31:316–321

    Google Scholar 

  • Sprague GF, Tatum LA (1942) General vs Specific combining ability in single cross of corn. J Am Soc Agron 34:923–932

    Google Scholar 

  • Thakare VV, Parde SB, Pande MK, Lahane PS, Peshattiwar PD (1999) Combining ability studies in Sesamum. J Maharashtra Agric Univ 24:256–259

    Google Scholar 

  • Uzun B, Ulger S, Cagirgan MI (2002) Comparison of determinate and indeterminate types of sesame for oil content and fatty acid composition. Turkish J Agric Forestry 26:269–274

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Uzun B, Arslan C, Karhan M, Toker C (2007) Fat and fatty acids of white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) in comparison to sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Food Chem 102:45–49

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Vidhyavathi R, Manivannan N, Muralidharan V (2005) Line × Tester analysis in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Indian J Agric Res 39:225–228

    Google Scholar 

  • Wallace DH, Yan W (1998) Plant breeding and whole-system crop physiology: improving adaptation and maturity. CAB International, Wallingford

    Google Scholar 

  • Wood R (1999) The new whole foods encyclopedia: A comprehensive resource for healthy eating. Penguin Putnam Inc, New York

    Google Scholar 

  • Yoshida H, Horie T, Katsura K, Shiraiwa T (2007) A model explaining genotypic environmental variation in leaf area development of rice based on biomass growth and leaf N accumulation. Field Crops Res 102(3):228–238

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. P. Banerjee.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

(DOC 95 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Banerjee, P.P., Kole, P.C. Analysis of genetic architecture for some physiological characters in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Euphytica 168, 11–22 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-008-9871-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-008-9871-6

Keywords

  • Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)
  • Physiological characters
  • Diallel analysis
  • Combining ability
  • Gene action