, Volume 154, Issue 1–2, pp 101–111 | Cite as

Quantitative trait loci for early maturity and their potential in breeding for earliness in Brassica juncea

  • Tariq MahmoodEmail author
  • Muhammad H. Rahman
  • Gary R. Stringam
  • Francis Yeh
  • Allen G. Good


A doubled haploid population of Brassica juncea, developed from a cross between two parental lines differing for days to maturity, was used to study the efficiency of indirect selection for a primary trait through selection of secondary trait(s) over direct selection for the primary trait when quantitative trait loci information is available for both primary and secondary traits, and applied. Days to maturity was considered as primary trait, while days to first flowering, days to end of flowering, flowering period and plant height were considered as secondary traits. An RFLP linkage map was employed for QTL analysis of maturity and maturity-determinant traits, and a stable QTL B6 simultaneously affecting these two types of traits was identified. This linked QTL explained 11.7% phenotypic variation for days to maturity, 20.7% variation for days to first flowering, 24.3% variation for days to end of flowering and 14.4% variation for plant height. Phenotypic evaluation of maturity and/or maturity-determinant traits, viz. days to first flowering, days to end of flowering and plant height revealed that limited genetic advance for early maturity can be achieved through phenotypic selection of the primary and/or the secondary trait(s). However, the estimates of genetic advance for early maturity based on combined phenotypic evaluation and linked QTL data was found to be, at least, three times higher compared to genetic advance based on phenotypic evaluation only, demonstrating the potential of marker-assisted selection in breeding for early maturity in B. juncea.


Brassica juncea Maturity Flowering time Flowering period Plant height Quantitative trait loci Marker-assisted selection Indirect selection 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tariq Mahmood
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad H. Rahman
    • 1
  • Gary R. Stringam
    • 1
  • Francis Yeh
    • 2
  • Allen G. Good
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional ScienceUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Renewable ResourcesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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