Twenty nine strains of vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor were grown for two successive seasons to study different selection parameters for foliage yield and its nine contributing morphological and quality traits. The strains AV-38 (5.06 kg/plot) and AV-31 (5.04 kg/plot) recorded highest foliage yield, followed by AV-30 (4.78 kg/plot) and AV-23 (4.70 kg/plot). The protein and carotenoid content averaged 1.24 ± 0.03 mg/100 mg and 0.83 ± 0.02 mg/g respectively. The leaves of A. tricolor also have considerable quantities of ascorbic acid (112.33 ± 5.00 mg/100 g) and fibre (8.39 ± 0.10%). The mean of individual cuttings for plant height, leaf size, stem diameter, foliage yield, protein, ascorbic acid and fibre content increased with successive cuttings till third cutting and thereafter showed a decline. Genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) values ranged from 6.80 to 28.25%. However, the fibre content, branches/plant, leaves/plant, plant height and stem diameter showed lowest values of GCV. The values of heritability estimates were high for all the traits in all the cuttings as well as on pooled basis and ranged from 0.89 for branches/plant to 0.98 for foliage yield. Highest expected genetic advance was noticed for ascorbic acid (57.48%), followed by foliage yield (48.30%) and leaf size (29.51%).
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Baye, T. & H.C. Becker, 2005. Genetic variability and interrelationship of traits in the industrial oil crop Vernonia galamensis. Euphytica 142: 119–129.
Bhargava, A., S. Shukla & D. Ohri, 2003a. Genetic variability and heritability of selected traits during different cuttings of vegetable Chenopodium. Ind J Genet Pl Breed 63: 359–360.
Bhargava, A., S. Shukla, R.S. Katiyar & D. Ohri, 2003b. Selection parameters for genetic improvement in Chenopodium grain on sodic soil. J Applied Hort 5(1): 45–48.
Bhargava, A., S. Shukla, B.S. Dixit, R. Bannerji & D. Ohri, 2006. Variability and genotype x cutting interactions for different nutritional components in C. album L. Horticultural Science 33(1): 29–38.
Glick, D., 1954. Methods of Biochemical Analysis. Vol. 1, Interscience Publishers Inc., New York, pp. 127–132.
Jensen, A., 1978. Chlorophylls and carotenoids. In: J.A. Hellebust and J.S. Craigie (Eds.), Handbook of Physiological Methods: Physiological and Biochemical Methods, pp. 5–70. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Johnson, H.W., H.F. Robinson & R.E. Comstock, 1955. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in Soybean. Agron J 47: 314–318.
Katiyar, R.S., S. Shukla & S. Rai, 2000. Varietal performance of grain amaranth (A. hypochondriacus) on sodic soil. Proc Nat Acad Sci (India). 70: 185–187.
Lowry, O.H., N.J. Rosebrough, A.L. Farr & R.J. Randall, 1951. Protein measurement with the folin–phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 193: 265–275.
National Research Council (NRC), 1984. Amaranth: Modern prospects for an ancient crop. National Academic Press, Washington D.C.
Panse, V.G. & P.V. Sukhatme, 1978. Statistical methods for agricultural workers. ICAR, New Delhi.
Prakash, D. & M. Pal, 1991. Nutritional and anti nutritional composition of vegetable and grain amaranth leaves. J Sci Food Agric 57: 573–583.
Prakash, D., P. Nath & M. Pal, 1993. Composition, variation of nutritional contents in leaves, seed protein, fat and fatty acid profile of Chenopodium species. J Sci Food Agric 62:203–205.
Rastogi, K.B., B.N. Korla, A.K. Joshi & M.C. Thakur, 1995. Variability studies in Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis L.). Adv in Hort Forestry 4: 101–107.
Revanappa, & B.B. Madalageri, 1998. Genetic variability studies regarding quantitative traits in amaranthus. Karnataka J Agric Sci 11: 139–142.
Robinson, H.F., R.E. Comstock & P.H. Harvey, 1949. Estimates of heritability and the degree of dominance in corn. Agron J 41: 353–359.
Shukla, S. & S.P. Singh, 2000. Studies on genetic parameters in vegetable amaranth. J Genet Breed 54: 133–135.
Shukla, S., A. Bhargava, A. Chatterjee & S.P. Singh, 2004a. Estimates of genetic parameters to determine variability for foliage yield and its different quantitative and qualitative traits in vegetable amaranth (A. tricolor). J Genet Breed 58: 169–176.
Shukla, S., A. Bhargava, A. Chatterjee & S.P. Singh, 2004b. Interrelationship among foliage yield and its contributing traits in vegetable amaranth (A. tricolor). Progressive Hort 36: 299–305.
Shukla, S., V. Pandey, G. Pachauri, B.S. Dixit, R. Banerji & S.P. Singh, 2003. Nutritional contents of different foliage cuttings of vegetable amaranth. Plant Food Hum Nutr 58: 1–8.
Singh, B.P. & W.F. Whitehead, 1996. Management methods for producing vegetable amaranth. In: J. Janick (Ed.), pp. 511–515. Progress in New Crops, ASHS Press, Arlington, VA.
Tucker, J.B., 1986. Amaranth: The once and future crop. Bioscience 36: 9–60.
Watson, C.A., 1994. Official and standardized methods of analysis. Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Cambridge CB4 4WF.
About this article
Cite this article
Shukla, S., Bhargava, A., Chatterjee, A. et al. Genotypic variability in vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor L for foliage yield and its contributing traits over successive cuttings and years. Euphytica 151, 103–110 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-006-9134-3
- A. tricolor
- foliage yield
- genetic advance