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Assessment for salinity tolerance through intergeneric hybridisation: Triticum durum × Aegilops speltoides

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Triploid hybrid embryos (AABB × SS = ABS) were produced by crossing two moderately salt-tolerant wheats, namely Triticum turgidum durum and Aegilops speltoides subsp. speltoides. The embryos were rescued by culturing on agar No. 1. Chromosome doubling was achieved by using 0.05% colchicine. The resulting hexaploid plants grew to maturity, and produced a considerable amount of seed (≈40,000). The synthetic hexaploid (C2) was tested for salinity tolerance, grown at 0, 100, 125, 150, 160, 170, 180 and 200 mM NaCl in a standard nutrient solution for 2 weeks. The criterion of salt tolerance was root growth in different NaCl concentrations. The amphidiploid material showed greater salinity tolerance than either parent, suggesting the presence of different genes for tolerance in the parents.

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Correspondence to Seyed Ahmad Sadat Noori.

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Noori, S.A.S. Assessment for salinity tolerance through intergeneric hybridisation: Triticum durum × Aegilops speltoides . Euphytica 146, 149–155 (2005).

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