Table 4 Regressions of family size on children’s educational attainment

From: Family Size and Educational Attainment: Cousins, Contexts, and Compensation

Research design OLS EFFE
Model 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  Baseline W. Controls Baseline W. Controls Freq. meeting Help w. Childcare Closeness
Family size − 0.160***
(0.012)
-0.037**
(0.012)
− 0.100***
(0.013)
− 0.034**
(0.013)
− 0.047**
(0.014)
− 0.046**
(0.014)
− 0.074*
(0.030)
Family size × Freq. meeting      0.005**
(0.002)
  
Family size × Childcare       0.488***
(0.142)
 
Family size × closeness        0.021
(0.014)
Controls        
Birth order   − 0.109***
(0.013)
  − 0.099**
(0.013)
− 0.097***
(0.014)
− 0.097***
(0.015)
− 0.098***
(0.014)
Sex (woman)   − 0.160***
(0.025)
  − 0.186***
(0.025)
− 0.184***
(0.026)
0.179***
(0.028)
− 0.184***
(0.026)
Age   − 0.019***
(0.004)
  − 0.017***
(0.004)
− 0.017***
(0.004)
− 0.015)**
(0.005)
− 0.018***
(0.005)
Father’s education   0.161***
(0.009)
  0.108***
(0.013)
0.105***
(0.013)
0.095***
(0.013)
0.106***
(0.013)
Mother’s education   0.136***
(0.011)
  0.099***
(0.015)
0.100***
(0.015)
0.085***
(0.017)
0.099***
(0.015)
Father’s SES   0.009***
(0.001)
  0.010***
(0.001)
0.009***
(0.001)
0.011***
(0.001)
0.009***
(0.001)
Family income   0.007***
(0.001)
  0.007**
(0.002)
0.007**
(0.002)
0.007**
(0.002)
0.007**
(0.002)
IQ of graduate/sib   0.009***
(0.001)
  0.005**
(0.002)
0.006**
(0.002)
0.007***
(0.002)
0.006**
(0.002)
Birth order of graduate/sib   0.010
(0.009)
  0.001
(0.017)
0.005
(0.018)
0.008
(0.019)
0.001
(0.018)
Childcare       − 2.100***
(0.603)
 
Constant 14.814***
(0.048)
9.732***
(0.241)
0.040***
(0.009)
0.033***
(0.008)
0.037***
(0.009)
0.037***
(0.009)
0.035***
(0.009)
N 22,734 22,734 22,544 22,544 19,793 18,114 19,798
Extended family FE No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  1. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05 Standard errors in OLS and IV models are adjusted for clustering within nuclear and extended families