The Impact of Perceived Costs and Rewards of Childbearing on Entry into Parenthood: Evidence from a Panel Study

Article

Abstract

The impact of perceived costs and rewards of having a child on the actual timing of entry into parenthood is examined among women and men. To this end, data are used from a five-wave panel survey among Dutch young adults spanning 13 years. Expected costs and rewards are found to influence the timing of parenthood among both women and men. Anticipated costs to one’s career and to one’s level of individual autonomy and an anticipated increase in one’s sense of security affect the timing of entry into motherhood. Anticipated costs to one’s career and spending power, and anticipated rewards in terms of one’s sense of security and quality of the partner relationship affect the timing of entry into fatherhood.

Key words

fertility value of children panel data 

Résumé

Cet article s’intéresse à l’influence des coûts et des bénéfices attendus de la naissance d’un enfant sur la décision de créer une famille chez les hommes et chez les femmes. Pour ce faire, on s’appuie sur les résultats d’une enquête suivie à 5 passages menée auprès de jeunes adultes néerlandais sur une période de 13 ans. Les coûts et bénéfices attendus influencent le calendrier de la création de la famille aussi bien chez les hommes que chez les femmes. L’influence négative prévue sur la carrière et sur le niveau d’autonomie individuelle et l’augmentation attendue du sentiment de sécurité pèsent sur la décision de maternité chez les femmes. Chez les hommes, la crainte d’un effet négatif sur leur carrière et leur pouvoir d’achat et l’espoir d’un accroissement du sentiment de sécurité et d’une amélioration de la qualité de la relation de couple pèsent sur la décision de paternité.

Mots clés

Fécondité valeur des enfants données de panel 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic InstituteVrije Universiteit AmsterdamThe HagueThe Netherlands

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