Abdi, J., Al-Hindawi, A., Ng, T., & Vizcaychipi, M. P. (2018). Scoping review on the use of socially assistive robot technology in elderly care. British Medical Journal Open, 8, e018815. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018815.
Allen, A. L. (2019). The philosophy of privacy and the digital life. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 93, 21–38.
Appel, L., Appel, E., Bogler, O., Wiseman, M., Cohen, L., Ein, N., et al. (2019). Older adults with cognitive and/or physical impairments can benefit from immersive virtual reality experiences: A feasibility study. Frontiers of Medicine, 6, 329.
Armitage, R., & Nellums, L. B. (2020). COVID-19 and the consequences of isolating the elderly. Lancet Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30061-X.
Bartels, D. J. P., van Laarhoven, A. I. M., Haverkamp, E. A., Wilder-Smith, O. H., Donders, A. R. T., van Middendorp, H., et al. (2014). Role of conditioning and verbal suggestion in placebo and nocebo effects on itch. PLoS ONE, 9(3), 7.
Bickmore, T., Schulman, D., & Langxuan, Y. (2010). Maintaining engagement in long-term interventions with relational agents. Applied Artificial Intelligence, 24(6), 648–666.
Broekens, J., Heerink, M., & Rosendal, H. (2009). Assistive social robots in elderly care. Gerontechnology, 8(2), 94–103.
Boenink, M., Swierstra, T., & Stemerding, D. (2010). Anticipating the interaction between technology and morality: A scenario study of experimenting with humans in bionanotechnology. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology, 4(2), 1–38.
Boiling, P. A. (1996). Privacy and the politics of intimate life. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Brink, I., & Balkenius, C. (2020). Mutual recognition in human-robot interaction. Philosophy and Technology, 33, 53–70.
Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., et al. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it. Lancet, 395, 912–920.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. (2020). Occupational outlook handbook, Home health aides and personal care aides, May 17. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/home-health-aides-and-personal-care-aides.htm.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), older adults. Retrieved May 2, 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/older-adults.html.
Chatters, L. M., Taylor, H. O., Hicklett, E. J., & Taylor, R. J. (2018). Correlates of objective social isolation from family and friends among older adults. Healthcare, 6(24), 1–14.
Coeckelbergh, M. (2009). Personal robots, appearance and human good. International Journal of Social Robotics, 1(3), 217–221.
Colesky, M., Hoepman, J.H., & Hillen, C. (2016). A critical analysis of privacy design strategies. IEEE Security and Privacy Workshops 04 August. https://doi.org/10.1109/SPW.2016.23.
Cudjoe, T. K. M., & Kotwal, A. A. (2020). 'Social distancing' amidst a crisis in social isolation and loneliness. Journal of the American Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16527.
Darling, K. (2017). ‘Who's Johnny?’ Anthropomorphic framing in human-robot interaction, integration, and policy. In P. Lin, K. Abney, & R. Jenkins (Eds.), Robot ethics 2.0. Oxford Scholarship Online.
Eghtesadi, M. (2020). Breaking social isolation amidst COVID-19. Journal of the American Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.16478.
Eichstaedt, J. (2020). Quoted in Parker-Pope T, 2020. How to hug during a pandemic. New York Times, June 4.
Elder, A. (2017). Robot friends for autistic children. In P. Lin, K. Abney, & R. Jenkins (Eds.), Robot ethics 2.0. Oxford Scholarship Online.
Elster, J. (1983). Sour grapes: Studies in the subversion of rationality (pp. 219–238). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Forbrukerrådet. (2016). #Toyfail. An analysis of consumer and privacy issues in three internet-connected toys. https://fil.forbrukerradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/toyfail-report-desember2016.pdf.
Gavison, R. (1992). Feminism and the public/private distinction. Stanford Law Review, 45(1), 1–45.
Guizzo, E. (2020). Coronavirus pandemic: A call to action for the robotics community. IEEE Spectrum, March 20.
Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T. B., Baker, M., Harris, T., & Stephenson, D. (2015). Loneliness and social isolation as risk factors for mortality: A meta-analytic review. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(2), 227–237.
Hornyak, T. (2020). What American can learn from China's use of robots and telemedicine to combat the coronavirus. March 18. CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/18/how-china-is-using-robots-and-telemedicine-to-combat-the-coronavirus.html.
Huang, R., Zhu, L., Xue, L., Liu, L., Yan, X., Wang, J., et al. (2020). Clinical findings of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in Jiangsu Province, China. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0008280.
Jecker, N. S. (1993). Privacy beliefs and the violent family. Journal of the American Medical Association, 269, 776–780.
Jecker, N. S. (2020). What cares? In N. S. Jecker (Ed.), Ending midlife bias: New values for older adults (pp. 213–238). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Katz, L. (2020). Coronavirus care at one hospital got totally taken over by robots. CNET. https://www.cnet.com/news/coronavirus-care-at-one-hospital-got-taken-over-by-robots/.
Kemperman, A., van den Berg, P., Weijs-Perrée, M., & Uijtdewillegen, K. (2019). Loneliness of older adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(3), E406.
Keymolen, E., & van der Hof, S. (2019). Can I still trust you my dear doll? Journal of Cyber Policy, 4(2), 143–159.
Klinenberg, E. (2012). Going solo: The extraordinary rise and surprising appeal of living alone. New York: Penguin Press.
Leigh-Hunt, N., Bagguley, D., Bash, K., Turner, T., Turnbull, S., Valtorta, N., et al. (2017). An Overview of systematic reviews on the public health consequences of social isolation and loneliness. Public Health, 152, 157–171.
Lutz, C., Schöttler, M., & Hoffmann, C. P. (2019). The privacy implications of social robots. Mobile Media & Communication, 7(3), 412–434.
Matthias, A. (2015). Robot lies in health care. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 25(2), 169–192.
McGlynn, S. A., Kemple, S., Mitzner, T. L., King, C. H. A., & Rogers, W. A. (2016). Understanding the potential of PARO for healthy older adults. International Journal of Human Computational Studies, 100, 33–47.
Meacham, D. & Studley, M. (2017). Could a robot care? In P. Lin, K. Abney, & R. Jenkins (Eds.), Robot ethics 2.0. Oxford Scholarship Online.
Minder, R., Hubbard, B., Walsh, D., Anderson, C., Berendt, J., Rashwan, N., et al. (2020). Coronavirus live updates: Half of humanity under lockdown orders. New York Times, April 3.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2020). Social isolation and loneliness in older adults. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
National Institute of Aging. (2019). Social isolation, loneliness in older people pose health risks. https://www.nia.nih.gov/news/social-isolation-loneliness-older-people-pose-health-risks.
Niessenbaum, H. (2018). Respecting context to protect privacy. Science Engineering and Ethics, 24, 831–852.
Pantell, M., Rehkopf, D., Jutte, D., Syme, L., Balmes, J., & Adler, N. (2013). Social isolation: A predictor of mortality comparable to traditional risk factors. American Journal of Public Health, 103, 2056–2062.
Pu, L., Moyle, W., Jones, C., & Todorovic, M. (2017). The effectiveness of social robots for older adults. Gerontologist, 59(1), E37–E51.
Rachels, J. (1984). Why privacy is important. In F. Schoeman (Ed.), Philosophical dimensions of privacy (pp. 290–299). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reeves, B., & Nass, C. (1996). The media equation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Santini, Z. I., Jose, P. E., Cornwell, E. Y., Koyanagi, A., Nielsen, L., Hinrichsen, C., et al. (2020). Social disconnectedness, perceived isolation and symptoms of depression and anxiety among older Americans. The Lancet Public Health, 5, E62–E70.
Schoeman, F. D. (1992). Privacy and social freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Service, R. F. (2018). New artificial nerves could transform prosthetics. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau3449.
Shen, H. (2016). The soft touch. Nature, 530, 24–26.
Shimada, H., Ishizaki, T., Kato, M., Morimoto, A., Tamate, A., Uchiyama, Y., et al. (2010). How often and how far do frail elderly people need to go outdoors to maintain functional capacity? Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 50(2), 140–146.
Sparrow, R. (2010). The march of the robot dogs. Ethics and Information Technology, 4, 305–318.
Sparrow, R., & Sparrow, L. (2006). In the hands of machines? The future of aged care. Minds and Machines, 16(2), 141–161.
Sprinkle, T. (2018). Sensors allow robots to feel sensations. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://www.asme.org/topics-resources/content/sensors-allow-robots-feel-sensation.
Steptoe, A., Shankar, A., Demakakos, P., & Wardle, J. (2013). Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 110, 5797–5801.
Sullins, J. P. (2008). Friends by design. In P. E. Vermaas, P. Kroes, A. Light, & S. A. Moore (Eds.), Philosophy and design (pp. 143–157). New York: Springer.
Syrdal, D. S., Walters, M. L., Otero, N., Koay, K. L., & Dautenhahn, K. (2007). ‘He knows when you are sleeping’—Privacy and the personal robot companion. Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Workshop (Vol WS-07–07, pp. 28–33).
Trivedi, D., Rahn, C. D., Kier, W. M., & Walker, I. D. (2008). Soft robotics: Biological inspiration, state of the art, and future research. Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, 5(3), 99–117.
Turkle, S. (2006). A nascent robotics culture. July 2006: AAAI technical report series.https://web.mit.edu/sturkle/www/pdfsforstwebpage/st_nascentroboticsculture.pdf.
Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together. New York: Basic Books.
United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2017). World population ageing 2017. New York: United Nations.
University of Michigan, Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation (2019). National poll on healthy aging.https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/148147/NPHA_Loneliness-Report_FINAL-030419.pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=y.
van Vugt, H., Konijn, E., Hoorn, J., & Veldhuis, J. (2006). Why fat interface characters are better e-health advisors. In Proceedings of intelligent virtual agents (IVA) conference, Marina Del Rey, CA, USA (pp. 1–13).
van den Hoven, J., Blaauw, M., Pieters, W., & Warnier, M. (2019). Privacy and information technology. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2019/entries/it-privacy/.
Verity, R., Okell, L. C., Dorigatti, I., Winskill, P., Whittaker, C., Imai, N., et al. (2020). Estimates of the severity of coronavirus disease 2019. Lancet Infectious Disease, 20(6), 669–677.
Wang, S., Wang, K., Liu, H., & Hou, Z. (2020). Design of a low-cost miniature robot to assist the COVID-19 nasopharyngeal swab sampling. Preprint at: arXiv: 2005.12679
World Health Organization. (2015). World report on ageing and health. Geneva: WHO Press.
Wrzus, C., Hänel, M., Wagner, J., & Neyer, F. J. (2013). Social network changes and life events across the life span. Psychological Bulletin, 139(1), 53–80.
Wu, C., Chen, X., Cai, Y., Zhou, X., Xu, S., Huang, H., et al. (2020). Risk factors associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA Internal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0994.
Xiang, Y. T., Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Cheung, T., et al. (2020). Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), 228–229. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30046-8.
Yang, G. Z., Nelson, B. J., Murphy, R. R., Choset, H., Christensen, H., Collins, S. H., et al. (2020). Combating COVID-19—The role of robotics in managing public health and infectious disease. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/scirobotics.abb5589.
Young, I. M. (1990). Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.