Advertisement

Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 201–213 | Cite as

The Impact of Union Membership on Intent to Leave: Additional Evidence on the Voice Face of Unions

  • Steven E. AbrahamEmail author
  • Barry A. Friedman
  • Randall K. Thomas
Article

Abstract

The impact of union membership on employees' intent to leave their jobs was examined to testthe effect of unions' “voice” face. Regression analyses showed a significant, negative relationship between union membership and employees' intent to leave. In addition, the data revealed significant interactions between union membership and job satisfaction and between union membership and organizational commitment. Dissatisfied nonunion members are much more likely to intend to leave their jobs than are union members. Similarly, nonunion members with low organizational commitment are much more likely to intend to leave their jobs than are union members. Bothof these results support the conclusion that union membership reduces employees' intention toleave their jobs, and provides evidence that the voice face of unions matter.

Key Words

unions satisfaction commitment intention to leave 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Addison, J. T. (1984). Trade unions and restrictive practices. In Rosa, J. (Ed.), The Economics of Trade Unions: New Directions. Boston: Kluwer Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  2. Addison, J. T.,& Belfield, C. (2004). Union voice. Journal of Labor Research, 25(4), 583–596.Google Scholar
  3. Batt, R., Colvin, J.S.A.,& Keefe, J. (2002). Employee voice, human resource practices, and quit rates: evidence from the telecommunications industry. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 55(July 2002), 573–594.Google Scholar
  4. Bemmels, B. (1997). Exit, voice, and loyalty in employment relationships. In Lewin, D., Mitchell, D. J. B.,& Zaidi, M. A. (Eds.), The Human Resource Management Handbook, Part II, 245–259. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bender, K. A.,& Sloane, P. J. (1998). Job satisfaction, trade unions, and exit-voice revisited. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 51(2), 222–241.Google Scholar
  6. Bennett, J. T., et al. (2004). What do unions do? A twenty-five year perspective [Introduction to the symposium]. Journal of Labor Research, 25(3), 334–343.Google Scholar
  7. Bryson, A., Cappellari, L.,& Lucifora, C. (2004). Does union membership really reduce job satisfaction? British Journal of Industrial Relations, 24(3), 439–457.Google Scholar
  8. Carsten, J. M.,& Specter, P. E. (1987). Unemployment, job satisfaction, and employee turnover: A Meta analytic test of the Muchinsky model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 374–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen, X. P., Chun, H.,& Sego, D. J. (1998). The role of organizational citizenship behavior in turnover: Conceptualization and preliminary test of key hypotheses. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 922–931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G.,& Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation for the Behavioral Sciences. 3rd edn., Hillside, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  11. Delery, J. E., Gupta, N., Douglas Shaw, J., Jenkins, J. R.,& Ganster, M. (2000). Unionization, compensation and voice effects on quits and retention. Industrial Relations, 39(4), 625–645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elias P.,& Blanchflower, D. G. (1989). Occupations, earnings, and work histories of young adults: Who gets the good jobs? Research Paper no. 68. Department of Employment, London.Google Scholar
  13. Faber, H. S.,& Saks, D. H. (1980). Why workers want unions: The role of relative wages and job characteristics. The Journal of Political Economy, 88(2), 349–369.Google Scholar
  14. Freeman, R.,& Medoff, J. (1984). What do unions do? New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  15. Groothuis, P. A. (1994). Turnover: The implication of establishment size and unionization, Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics, 33, 41–53.Google Scholar
  16. Hammer, T. H.,& Aver, A. (2005). The impact of unions on job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover, Journal of Labor Research, 26(2), 241–266.Google Scholar
  17. Hirsch, B. T. (2004). What do unions do for economic performance? Journal of Labor Research, 25(3).Google Scholar
  18. Hirshman, A. O. (1970). Exit, Voice and Loyalty. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Iverson, R. D.,& Currivan, D. B. (2003). Union participation, job satisfaction, and employee turnover: An event history analysis of the exit-voice hypothesis. Industrial Relations, 42, 101–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kaufman, B. E. (2002). Reflections on six decades in industrial relations: An interview with John Dunlop; Interview. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 55(2), 324–334.Google Scholar
  21. Kaufman, R. S.,& Kaufman, R. T. (1987). Union effects on productivity, personnel practices, and survival in the automotive parts industry. Journal of Labor Research, 8(4), 333.Google Scholar
  22. Kornfeld, R. (1990). Australia's trade unions wage, finge and job tenure effects. Mimeo Cambridge, Mass, National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  23. Koys, D. (2001). The effects of employee satisfaction, organizational citizenship behavior, and turnover on organizational effectiveness: A unit-level, longitudinal study. Personnel Psychology, 54, 101–114.Google Scholar
  24. Krosnick, J., Nie, N.,& Rivers, D. (2005). Web survey methodologies: A comparison of survey accuracy. Paper presented at the 60th Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Miami Beach, Florida.Google Scholar
  25. Kupferschmidt, M.,& Swidensky, R. (1989). Longitudinal estimates of the union effect on wages, wage dispersion, and pension fringe benefits. University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. Processed.Google Scholar
  26. Lewis, H. G. (1963). Unionism and Relative Wages in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  27. Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and cause of job satisfaction. In Dunnette, M. D. (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1297–1349. Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
  28. Lee, T. W.,& Mitchell, T. R. (1994). An alternative approach: The unfolding model of voluntary employee turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 19, 51–89.Google Scholar
  29. Lee, T. W., Mitchell, T. R., Holton, B. C., McDaniel, L.,& Hill, J. W. (1999). Theoretical development and extension of the unfolding of voluntary turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 42, 450–462.Google Scholar
  30. Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M.,& Porter, L. W. (1979). The measurement of organizational commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 224–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. J., Herscovitch, L.,& Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates, and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 20–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Miller, P.,& Mulvey, C. (1991). Australian evidence on the exit voice model of the labor market. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 45, 44–57.Google Scholar
  33. Muramatsu, K. (1984). The effect of trade unions on productivity in Japanese manufacturing industries. In Aoki A. (Ed.), The Economic Analysis of Japanese Firms, Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  34. Osawa, M. (1989). The Service ecoinomy and industrial relations in small and medium-size firms in Japan. Japan Labor Bulletin, 1, 1–10.Google Scholar
  35. Rees, D. I. (1991). Grievance procedure strength and teacher quits. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 45, 31–43.Google Scholar
  36. Simler, N. J. (1962). The Economics of featherbedding. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 16(1), 111–121.Google Scholar
  37. Simons, H. (1944). Some reflections on syndicalism Journal of Political Economy, LII, 1–19, excerpted in Richard A. Lester, Labor Readings on Major Issues, 200–209, New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  38. Tett, R. P.,& Meyer, J. P. (1993). Job satisfaction, organizational commitment, turnover intention, and turnover: Path analysis based on meta-analytic findings. Personnel Psychology, 46, 259–293.Google Scholar
  39. Thomas, R. K., Krane, D.,& Taylor, H. (2004). On the convergent validity of attitude measurement in phone and online surveys. Paper presented at the 59th Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Phoenix, Arizona.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven E. Abraham
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Barry A. Friedman
    • 1
  • Randall K. Thomas
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Business, SUNY-OswegoOswego
  2. 2.Harris InteractiveRochester
  3. 3.School of Business, SUNY-OswegoOswegoNewYork

Personalised recommendations