Skip to main content

A preliminary study on solid waste generation at Har Ki Pauri, Haridwar, around the Ardh-Kumbh period of sacred bathing in the river Ganga in 2004

Abstract

The amount of solid waste in the vicinity of the river Ganga increased rapidly during the festive days of Ardh-Kumbh. The initial amount of solid waste was 775.0 kg, observed on 30th January 2004 in the Har Ki Pauri area, which increased to 4,550.0 kg on the main bathing day of 4th May 2004, showing nearly a six-fold increase. The total amount of solid waste collected during nine days of observations was 23,865.0 kg. The rate of solid waste generation fell sharply during the following week, after the main bathing day, and was found to be 1,155.0 kg, which is still about 14.90% higher than the initial value.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Annonymous (2007). In Amar Ujala, dated; 12 August, the daily News paper. Page No. 6.

  • Dutta, P., Khan, S. A., Khan, M. A., Sharma, C. K., Dolii, P. K., & Mahanta, J. (1999). Solid waste pollution and breeding potential of dengu vectors in an urban and industrial environment of Assam. Journal of Environmental Biology, 20(4), 343–345.

    Google Scholar 

  • CPCB (2002). In Management of municipal solid waste, member secretary, CPCB, Universal offset 2157772/3, 2147774/5.

  • CPCB (2002–2003). Annual report of Central Pollution Control Board.

  • CPCB (2003a). A support manual for municipal solid wastes (Management and Handling) rules, 2000.

  • CPCB (2003b). In Management of municipal solid waste report in CPCB News letter 23–27.

  • Joshi, B. D. (1993). In On the ecobiology of Bhagirathi river in Garhwal Himalaya with a view to find out remedial measures for the improvements of riverine eco-system and to enhance fisheries potential of the region. A final technical report, submitted to Govt. of India, vide Ref.No. F-14/33/88-ER/RE. p. 165.

  • Kaur, S., & Joshi, N. (2002). The solid waste generation during normal days in Haridwar city. Himalayan Journal of Environmental Zoology, 16(2), 266–270.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mazumdar, N. B. (1996). Municipal solid waste management: The Indian perspective. Energy Environment Monitor 12(2), 57–69.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mishra, S., & Joshi, N. (2002). Generation of solid waste during festive occasion in Haridwar city. Himalayan Journal of Environmental Zoology, 16(2), 263–265.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rampal, R. K., & Sharma, D. (2003). Generation and disposal of solid waste at Bagh-E-Bahu complex of Jammu, India. Indian Journal of Environmental Health, 7(1), 51–54.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kamal Kishor Gangwar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gangwar, K.K., Joshi, B.D. A preliminary study on solid waste generation at Har Ki Pauri, Haridwar, around the Ardh-Kumbh period of sacred bathing in the river Ganga in 2004. Environmentalist 28, 297–300 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10669-007-9147-z

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10669-007-9147-z

Keywords

  • Pilgrims
  • Non-festive day
  • Solid waste generation
  • Tourist
  • Religious place