The Environmentalist

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 19–24 | Cite as

Developments in application technology

  • Graham A. MatthewsEmail author


Pesticides are applied in diverse situations, but in each, careful consideration has to be given to applying the optimum dosage accurately with minimal exposure of the active substance to the operator. Emphasis is given to ways in which application equipment, suitable for both small-scale and large farms has been adapted to meet health and safety requirements. New developments in nozzle design provide users with greater flexibility in optimising pesticide delivery, while minimising spray volumes. Changes in equipment design that influence dose transfer are discussed.


Pesticides application Containers Nozzles Spray drift 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IPARC, Imperial College of Science, Technology and MedicineAscotUK

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