Skip to main content
Log in

Disasters affecting education across time and space—a perspective from Kashmir

  • Published:
Environment, Development and Sustainability Aims and scope Submit manuscript


In Kashmir, natural catastrophes such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, and droughts have disrupted daily life in a multitude of areas to the point that people are already experiencing the damaging consequences of these disasters in one way or another. To evaluate the effects of incidents on the educational services in Kashmir Valley, an integrated research design involving empirical and cross-sectional study within a time period of 2020 to 2021 was adopted. The findings revealed that disasters have been meddling with the delivery of educational services all across the region. Disasters were found to affect teachers and students differently depending on the perception and management toward the untoward incidents. The study emphasized on the need to adopt all-hazard management in educational infrastructure for an effective disaster mitigation and an uninterrupted educational service.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.


Similar content being viewed by others



Disaster Preparedness Advisory Council


National Rural Health Mission


State Disaster Management Authority


United States Geological Survey


United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund


World Health Organization


Download references


There was no funding involved in the study.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sumira Mir.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there is no conflict of interests.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mir, S., Shah, S.A. & Shafi Bhat, M. Disasters affecting education across time and space—a perspective from Kashmir. Environ Dev Sustain (2023).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: