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Role of social network on banana farmer's adaptation to climate change and land productivity in Ngazidja island, Comoros archipelago

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Climate change in developing nations has become a severe obstacle to extensive land productivity. Farmer's resilience to climate change impact can be boosted via adaptation measures. Smallholder farmers' expertise, however, can be fragmented and inconsistent, especially in times of climatic stress. It is worth mentioning that social networks play a part in how farmers decide how to adapt. Formal and informal social ties are the categories we use to categorize social networks. Using primary data obtained from banana growers on the island of Ngazidja in the Comoros archipelago, this study need to analyze the variable effects of social ties on farmers' adaptation decisions and further assess the impact of adaptation strategies on land productivity under climate change. According to the findings, less than 32% of banana growers used adaptation measures to lessen the effects of climate change on agricultural practices. Banana producers favored replanting trees, boosting sucker reduction, improving irrigation, and mixing crops. Farmers applied adaptation tactics at a higher rate when they were members of agricultural cooperatives and connected to sellers of agricultural inputs. The connection to local farmers, on the other hand, prevented farmers from taking proactive measures to counteract climate change. We also revealed that banana producers' land production increased dramatically due to adaptation measures. These results illustrate the significance of smallholder farmers' various social connections when formulating a policy package to improve land productivity and increase their responses to climate change.

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The data that support the results of this study, are available from the corresponding author, upon reasonable request.


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The authors want to thank all friends and colleagues who participated in this investigation, especially the Comoros's National Agency for Civil Aviation and Meteorology.

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Andlia Abdoussalami was involved in conceptualization, investigation, methodology, software, and writing—original draft preparation. Zhenghua Hu was responsible for conceptualization, methodology, investigation, supervision, and writing—reviewing and editing. ARM Towfiqul Islam contributed to conceptualization, methodology, investigation, supervision, and writing—reviewing and editing. Bouhari Ahamada Djae took part in conceptualization and investigation, and supplemented the manuscript. All authors commented on the manuscript draft and approved the submission.

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Correspondence to Zhenghua Hu or Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam.

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Abdoussalami, A., Hu, Z., Islam, A.R.M.T. et al. Role of social network on banana farmer's adaptation to climate change and land productivity in Ngazidja island, Comoros archipelago. Environ Dev Sustain (2023).

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