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Development of termites severity probability map of futa campus area using geographical information system (GIS) technology

Abstract

Siting of buildings in rural urban development requires that the prevalence of termite activities is considered. The severity of termite activities across 18 selected locations within the FUTA campus was investigated. Defect-free samples of Pterygota macrocarpa wood species prepared according to ASTM D3345-17 (2017) were used as baits for assessing the severity of termite activities. The termite severity probability map of the campus area was prepared with the results obtained from the ASTM D3345-17 visual rating and corresponding gravimetric weight loss data. Results revealed the presence of four termite species within the FUTA campus, namely Macrotermes subhyalinus Rambur, Amitermes evuncifer Silvestri, Ancistrotermes cavithorax Sjöstedt, and Microtermes spp.; the latter being the most prevalent. Areas where Macrotermes subhyalinus Rambur were present experienced higher severity and aggressive termite activities with lower visual ratings and higher weight loss values. Supporting soil property data shows that only the soil bulk density had a strong positive correlation with the severity of termite activities with rs = 0.808 and P = 0.001. The termite severity probability map from these data revealed active ongoing termite activities with sharp transitions observed between the regions belonging to the different severity (color coded) levels. This study has reinforced the necessity for estate developers to carry out termite severity assessment in order to recommend appropriate constructional techniques that will ensure the protection of wood in service.

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Source: CESRA FUTA)

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Source: CESRA FUTA)

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All the authors had equal contributions starting from the planning through execution of the research, to the preparation of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Jacob Mayowa Owoyemi.

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Appendix

Appendix

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See (Tables

Table 4 ANOVA table for properties of soil samples obtained from the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area

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Table 5 Bulk density of soil samples obtained from the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area.

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Table 6 Moisture content (%) of soil samples obtained from the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area.

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Table 7 Organic matter content (%) of soil samples obtained from the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area

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Table 8 Water-holding capacity (%) of soil samples obtained from the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area

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Table 9 ANOVA table for the weight loss of wood samples in the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area

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Table 10 Weight loss (%) of wood samples in the 18 sampling locations across the FUTA campus area

10).

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Owoyemi, J.M., Opara, E.U., Akande, S.O. et al. Development of termites severity probability map of futa campus area using geographical information system (GIS) technology. Environ Dev Sustain (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-021-01869-0

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Keywords

  • Subterranean termites
  • Termites severity probability map
  • GIS technology
  • Wood protection