Skip to main content

Impact of knowledge, concern and awareness about global warming and global climatic change on environmental behavior

Abstract

Global warming refers to the increase in average temperatures as a result of natural phenomena and the greenhouse effect caused by gases released into the atmosphere as a result of human activities, while global climatic change refers to the climatic change that results from global warming. Changes in the climate resulting from global warming cause increases in meteorological events such as drought, desertification, imbalance and deviations of precipitation, floods, typhoon, storm and tornado. The purpose of the study investigated the level of knowledge, concern and awareness about global warming and global climatic change (GWCC) effect on environmental behavior. For this purpose, a “structural equation modeling (SEM)” is proposed for the intercorrelations between the four latent variables. According to the results obtained by SEM, it was found that as the level of knowledge increased, concern and awareness also increased. Also, indirect link between the level of knowledge about (GWCC) and environmental behavior was detected.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  • Akerlof, K., Maibach, E. W., Fitzgerald, D., Cedeno, A. Y., & Neuman, A. (2013). Do people “personally experience” global warming, and if so how, and does it matter? Global Environmental Change, 23(1), 81–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2012.07.006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aksay, C. S., Ketenoğlu, O., & Kurt, L. S. (2005). Küresel ısınma ve iklim değişikliği (Global warming and climatic change). Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 25, 29–41.

    Google Scholar 

  • Benjamin, D., Por, H. H., & Budescu, D. (2017). Climate change versus global warming who is susceptible to the framing of climate change? Environment and Behavior, 49(7), 745–770. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916516664382.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Biçer, B. K., & Vaizoğlu, S. A. (2015). Hemşirelik bölümü öğrencilerinin küresel ısınma/iklim değişikliği hakkındaki bilgi ve farkındalıklarının belirlenmesi (Determination of awareness and knowledge of nursing students about global warmness/climate change). Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Dergisi, 2(2), 30–43.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bord, R. J., Fisher, A., & O’Connor, R. E. (1998). Public perceptions of global warming: United states and international perspectives. Climatic Research, 11, 75–84. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr011075.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bord, R. J., O’Connor, R. E., & Fisher, A. (2000). In what sense does the public need to understand global climate change? Public Understand of Science, 9(3), 205–2018. https://doi.org/10.1088/0963-6625/9/3/301.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brulle, R. J., Carmichael, J., & Jenkins, J. C. (2012). Shifting public opinion on climate change: An empirical assessment of factors influencing concern over climate change in the US 2002–2010. Climate Change, 114(2), 169–188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-012-0403-y.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Choi, O., & Fisher, A. (2003). The impacts of socioeconomic development and climate change on severe weather catastrophe losses: Mid-Atlantic region (Mar) and The U.S. Climate Change, 58(1–2), 149–170. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1023459216609.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Choon, S. W., Ong, H. B., & Tan, S. H. (2018). Does risk perception limit the climate change mitigation behaviors? Environment, Development and Sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0108-0.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dang, H. L., Li, E., Nuberg, I., & Bruwer, J. (2014). Understanding farmers’ adaptation intention to climate change: A structural equation modelling study in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Environmental Science & Policy, 41, 11–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2014.04.002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs). (2002). Survey of public attitudes to quality of life and to the environment—2001. London: DEFRA.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dietz, T., Dan, A., & Shwom, R. (2007). Support for climate change policy: Social psychological and social structural ınfluences. Rural Sociology, 72(2), 185–214. https://doi.org/10.1526/003601107781170026.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Eroğlu, B., & Aydoğdu, M. (2016). Fen bilgisi öğretmen adaylarının küresel ısınma hakkındaki bilgi düzeylerinin belirlenmesi (Determination of pre-service science teachers’ knowledge level about global warming). Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 29(2), 345–374.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39–50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Golob, T. F., & Hensher, D. A. (1998). Greenhouse gas emissions and Australian commuters’ attitudes and behaviour concerning abatement policies and personal involvement. Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment, 3(1), 1–18.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hair, J., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate data analysis (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R., & Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall.

    Google Scholar 

  • Harshal, T. P., & Atul, R. (2011). Assessment of awareness regarding climate change and its health hazards among the medical students. Indian Journal Occupational Environmental Medicine, 15(1), 42–45. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5278.82999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Heath, Y., & Gifford, R. (2006). Free-market ideology and environmental degradation the case of belief in global climate change. Environment and Behavior, 38(1), 48–71. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916505277998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Henderson-Sellers, A. (1990). Australian public perception of the greenhouse issue. Climate Change, 17(1), 69–96.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Huang, C. C., Wang, Y. M., Wu, T. W., & Wang, P. A. (2013). An empirical analysis of the antecedents and performance consequences of using the moodle platform. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 3(2), 217–221.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kahlor, L. A. (2007). An augmented risk information seeking model: The case of global warming. Media Psychology, 10(3), 414–435. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213260701532971.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kellstedt, P. M., Zahran, S., & Vedlitz, A. (2008). Personal efficacy, the information environment, and attitudes toward global warming and climate change in The United States. Risk Analysis, 28(1), 113–126. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01010.x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Leiserowitz, A. (2007). Human development report 2007/2008, fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world: International public opinion, perception, and understanding of global climate change. UNDP. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/6248846.pdf.

  • Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., & Roser-Renouf, C. (2010). Climate change in the American Mind: Americans’ global warming beliefs and attitudes in January 2010. Yale Project on Climate Change. New Haven, CT: Yale University and George Mason University.

    Google Scholar 

  • Malka, A., Krosnick, J. A., & Langer, G. (2009). The association of knowledge with concern about global warming: Trusted information sources shape public thinking. Risk Analysis, 29(5), 633–647. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2009.01220.x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Metag, J., Füchslin, T., Mike, S., & Schäfer, M. S. (2017). Global warming’s five Germanys: A typology of Germans’ views on climate change and patterns of media use and information. Public Understanding of Science, 26(4), 434–451. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662515592558.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Milfont, T. L. (2012). The interplay between knowledge, perceived efficacy, and concern about global warming and climate change: A one-year longitudinal study. Risk Analysis, 32(6), 1003–1020. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01800.x.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nisbet, M. C., & Myers, T. (2007). The polls-trends twenty years of public opinion about global warming. Public Opinion Quarterly, 71(3), 444–470. https://doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfm031.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Norton, A., & Leaman, J. (2004). The day after tomorrow: Public opinion on climate change. London: MORI Social Research Institute.

    Google Scholar 

  • O’Connor, R. E., Bord, R. J., & Fisher, A. (1999). Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change. Risk Analysis, 19(3), 461–471. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007004813446.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Oztürk, K. (2002). Küresel iklim değişikliği ve Türkiye’ye olası etkileri (Global climatic changes and their probable effect upon Turkey). Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 22(1), 47–65.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schuldt, J. P., & Roh, S. (2014a). Of accessibility and applicability: How heat-related cues affect belief in “global warming” versus “climate change”. Social Cognition, 32(3), 217–238.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schuldt, J. P., & Roh, S. (2014b). Media frames and cognitive accessibility: What do “global warming” and “climate change” evoke in partisan minds? Journal Environmental Communication, 8(4), 529–548.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shepardson, D. P., Niyogi, D., Choi, S., & Charusombat, U. (2009). Seventh grade students’ conceptions of global warming and climate change. Environmental Education Research, 15(5), 549–570. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504620903114592.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sinatra, G. M., Kardash, C. A. M., Taasoobshirazi, G., & Lombardi, D. (2012). Promoting attitude change and expressed willingness to take action toward climate change in college students. Instructional Science, 40(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-011-9166-5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Spence, A., Poortinga, W., Pidgeon, N., & Lorenzoni, I. (2010). Public perceptions of energy choices: The influence of beliefs about climate change and the environment. Energy & Environment, 21(5), 385–407. https://doi.org/10.1260/0958-305X.21.5.385.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tetik, N., & Acun, A. (2015). Turizm öğrencilerinin küresel ısınma ve iklim değişikliği algısı ve görüşleri (Tourism students’ perceptions and perceptions of global warming and climate change). Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 8(41), 1459–1476.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tikir, A., & Lehman, B. (2011). Climate change, theory of planned behaviour and values: A structural equation model with mediation analysis. A letter. Climatic Change, 104(2), 389–402. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-010-9937-z.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • TürkStat Greenhouse Emission Inventory. (2017). http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24588 (Erişim Tarihi: 06.10.2017).

  • Ünlü, İ., Sever, R., & Akpınar, E. (2011). Türkiye’de çevre eğitimi alanında yapılmış küresel ısınma ve sera etkisi konulu akademik araştırmaların sonuçlarının incelenmesi (Analysis of the academic studies’ results ın environmental education in Turkey about global warming and greenhouse effect). Erzincan Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 13(1), 39–54.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vainio, A., & Paloniemi, R. (2011). Does belief matter in climate change action? Public Understanding of Science, 22(4), 382–395. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662511410268.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Whitmarsh, L. (2009). What’s in a name? Commonalities and differences in public understanding of “climate change” and “global warming”. Public Understanding of Science, 18(4), 401–420. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963662506073088.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yılmaz, V., & Arslan, T. (2011). Examining the university students’ environmental protection commitments and environment-friendly consumption behaviors. Anadolu University Journal of Social Sciences, 11(3), 1–10.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zaval, L., Keenan, E., Johnson, E., & Weber, E. (2014). How warm days increase belief in global warming. Nature Climate Change, 4(2), 143–147. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2093.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Veysel Yilmaz.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Yilmaz, V., Can, Y. Impact of knowledge, concern and awareness about global warming and global climatic change on environmental behavior. Environ Dev Sustain 22, 6245–6260 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-019-00475-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-019-00475-5

Keywords

  • Structural equation modeling
  • Global climatic change
  • Global warming
  • Knowledge
  • Awareness
  • Concern
  • Environmental behavior