Assessment of changing pattern of crop water stress in Bangladesh

  • Sumaiya Jarin Ahammed
  • Rajab Homsi
  • Najeebullah KhanEmail author
  • Shamsuddin Shahid
  • Mohammed Sanusi Shiru
  • Morteza Mohsenipour
  • Kamal Ahmed
  • Nadeem Nawaz
  • Nor Eliza Alias
  • Ali Yuzir


The Palmers’ crop moisture index (CMI) was used to assess the changing pattern of crop water stress of Bangladesh. Daily rainfall and temperature data for the period 1961–2010 recorded at eleven meteorological stations distributed across the country were used to estimate the time series of CMI. The run theory was used to estimate a set of metrics from CMI to define different characteristics of annual and seasonal crop water stress. The Mann–Kendall trend test was used for the assessment of the significance of the changes in crop water stress indicators at 95% and 99% level of confidence. The results showed that crop water stress in Bangladesh has increased in recent years, particularly in the pre-monsoon season. The annual and pre-monsoon cumulative crop water stress index was found to increase significantly in 5 and 4 out of 11 stations, respectively. As the major portion of total crop in Bangladesh is grown during pre-monsoon season, increasing crop water stress can affect agriculture and food security of Bangladesh. The set of matrices developed in this study can be to understand the different characteristics of water stress and adopting necessary mitigation measures in the context of climate change.


Water stress Crop moisture index Climate change Trends Bangladesh 



The authors would like to state their appreciation to the funding from the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education, MJIIT Flagship Grant (R.J130000.7722.4J282).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumaiya Jarin Ahammed
    • 1
  • Rajab Homsi
    • 1
  • Najeebullah Khan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shamsuddin Shahid
    • 1
  • Mohammed Sanusi Shiru
    • 1
    • 3
  • Morteza Mohsenipour
    • 1
  • Kamal Ahmed
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nadeem Nawaz
    • 2
  • Nor Eliza Alias
    • 1
    • 3
    • 5
  • Ali Yuzir
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)Johor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Water Resource ManagementLasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences (LUAWMS)UthalPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of ScienceFederal University DutseDutseNigeria
  4. 4.Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Water Security (IPASA)Universiti Tecknologi Malaysia (UTM)Johor BahruMalaysia
  5. 5.Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Center, Malaysian-Japan International Institute of Technology (MJIIT)UTM Kuala LumpurKuala LumpurMalaysia

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