Communicating in the public sphere: effects of patriarchy on knowledge sharing among community-based organizations leaders in Botswana



Knowledge and knowledge sharing are widely regarded as important assets for the overall performance and competiveness of organizations. This study explored the effect of gender on selected predictors of knowledge sharing behaviors among community-based organizations leaders in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. The study, guided by the patriarchy theory, employed a quasi-experimental research approach, using a counterbalanced design. A sample of 120 subjects, drawn from a cluster sample of 13 villages’ Board of Trustees participating in community-based conservation projects, was used. Data were collected using a retrospective pretest instrument and analyzed using one-way mixed between-within doubly repeated measures ANCOVA. The results revealed that only behavioral intention showed significant effects, F(1, 107) = 6.60, p = .01, suggesting differential effects of gender on intention to share knowledge. The study concluded that females are less likely to share information acquired as part of their portfolio responsibility in the public sphere when compared to their male counterpart.


Knowledge sharing Information diffusion Gendered system Knowledge sharing behaviors Patriarchy CBNRM 



I would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments, constructive suggestions, and valuable feedback on earlier version of this article. Special appreciation to Ms. Angelinah Mokowe for proof reading the article and editorial services and Prof. Barbara Ngwenya for insightful guidance on discussions related to gender. This research was supported through a grant from the Office of Research and Development, University of Botswana, and NSF-funded IGERT program on Adaptive Management: Wise Use of Waters, Wetlands, and Watersheds (AM-W3) at the University of Florida.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Okavango Research InstituteUniversity of BotswanaMaunBotswana

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