Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 985–1011 | Cite as

The effectiveness of Green voices in parliaments: Do Green Parties matter in the control of pollution?

  • Paulo Reis MouraoEmail author


Green Parties are not the most popular in polls. However, their electoral scores have been achieving more significance since the 1990s, especially in European elections. This paper discusses the role of various Green seats occupied in 36 democracies in terms of the country’s control of pollution. Using different specifications for system GMM, the regressions here discussed concluded that higher shares of parliamentary seats occupied by Green Parties tended to be observed in countries with the most significant reductions in estimated levels of different pollutant gases (CO2, N2O, SO2, CH4, and GHG). Additional robustness checks have also been discussed.


Parliaments Green Parties Pollutant gases Environmental policies 



The author acknowledges the suggestions provided by three anonymous reviewers of ‘Environment, Development, and Sustainability’ on a previous version of this work. Remaining limitations are author’s exclusive ones. This work was carried out within the funding with COMPETE reference no POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006683, with the FCT/MEC’s (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P.) financial support through national funding and by the ERDF through the Operational Programme on “Competitiveness and Internationalization—COMPETE 2020 under the PT2020 Partnership Agreement.”


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics/NIPE, Economics and Management SchoolUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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