Advertisement

Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 361–375 | Cite as

Mapping of bioclimatic comfort for potential planning using GIS in Aydin

  • Mehmet CetinEmail author
  • Fatih Adiguzel
  • Omer Kaya
  • Ahmet Sahap
Article

Abstract

People are relaxed (satisfied or well-off) in what is described as comfortable climatic conditions. In such conditions, a person’s energy balance is not disturbed because of stresses from extreme heat or cold. Bioclimatic structure has been well researched and should be a consideration in the planning process for arranging comfortable spaces. It represents the understanding that energy balance is one of the basic elements of a sustainable landscape design. The goals of this study have been to create ideal places for human thermal comfort and to advance objectives focused on the importance of sustainable and ecological landscape planning and design work, along with their accompanying economic benefits. In this study, which focuses on the climate of the Province of Aydin, the most suitable areas for bioclimatic comfort have been identified. The climate values for the Aydin Province have been taken from a total of 22 meteorological stations. Stations at altitudes ranging from 11 to 871 m were used to note the climate changes that occurred. The average temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed from each station, including data collected using Geographic Information System (GIS) software, were transferred. GIS maps were then created from the imported data, and areas of optimal comfort around the city of Aydin were determined. The results show the range that is suitable for a bioclimatic comfort zone in Aydin. The bioclimatic comfort range was determined to be roughly 17 °C for Aydin, and the city of Aydin demonstrated a comfort range between 14 and 19 °C. As a result, the city of Aydin was shown to be a suitable area for bioclimatic comfort.

Keywords

Aydin Bioclimatic comfort GIS Landscape planning Sustainability 

References

  1. Abbas, S., Qamer, F. M., Murthy, M. S., Tripathi, N. K., Ning, W., Sharma, E., et al. (2015). Grassland growth in response to climate variability in the Upper Indus Basin, Pakistan. Climate, 3(3), 697–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali, G., & Abbas, S. (2013). Exploring CO2 sources and sinks nexus through integrated approach: Insight from Pakistan. Journal of Environmental Informatics, 22(2), 112–122.Google Scholar
  3. Ali, G., Abbas, S., & Qamer, F. M. (2013). How effectively low carbon society development models contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation action plans in Asia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 26, 632–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Altunkasa, M. F. (1990). Determination of climate-balanced urban green space planning principles in Adana and the example of multi-purpose development of a green field. Institutional Faculty of Agriculture, 5, 9–54.Google Scholar
  5. Cetin, M. (2015). Determining the bioclimatic comfort in Kastamonu city. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(10), 640. doi: 10.1007/s10661-015-4861-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cetin, M., Topay, M., Kaya, L. G., & Yilmaz, B. (2010). Efficiency of bioclimatic comfort in landscape planning process: The case of Kutahya. Suleyman Demirel University. Journal of Faculty of Forestry, A(1), 83–95 (Isparta).Google Scholar
  7. Cetin, M., & Zeren, I. (2016). Evaluation of the value of biocomfort for Kastamonu-Inebolu. In: International conference GREDIT’2016—Green development infrastructure technology, poster section 4: Management of urban and industrial waste, climate change—biodiversity—efficiency. ISBN 978-608-4624-21-9, 31.03 and 01.04 2016 (pp 4–35, p 310). Skopje, Macedonia.Google Scholar
  8. Demir, M., Dindaroglu, T., & Guven, M. (2014). The importance of forest lands in terms of bioclimatic comfort: Sample of Aras Basin. Journal of Human Ecology, 45(1), 7–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fanger, P. O. (1970). Analysis and applications in environmental engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.Google Scholar
  10. Gumus, A. E. (2012). Ankara comfort of bioclimatic analysis, SüleymanDemirel University. Journal of Faculty of Forestry, 13, 48–56 (in Turkish).Google Scholar
  11. Kestane, O., & Ulgen, K. (2013). Determination of bioclimatic comfort zone for the province of Izmir, Suleyman Demirel University. Journal of Technical Sciences, 3(5), 18–25 (in Turkish).Google Scholar
  12. Kocman, A. (1991). Affecting of Izmir’s urban development of natural environmental factors and problems related to them. Geography Research Journal, 3, 101 (in Turkish).Google Scholar
  13. Lin, T. P., Matzarakis, A., & Huang, J. J. (2006). Thermal comfort and passive design strategy of bus shelters. In PLEA2006 - The 23rd Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture, Geneva, Switzerland, 6–8 September 2006. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=425CC39668F071976EBAB5D9077E1EF0?doi=10.1.1.557.4187&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  14. Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., & Mayer, H. (2010). Modelling radiation fluxes in simple and complex environments: Basics of the RayMan model. International Journal of Biometeorology, 54, 131–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Molla, N. A., Mollah, K. A., Ali, G., Fungladda, W., Shipin, O. V., Wongwit, W., et al. (2014). Quantifying disease burden among climate refugees using multidisciplinary approach: A case of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Urban Climate, 8, 126–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nikolakis, D. J. (2007). A first theoretical comparison between current and future indoor thermal comfort conditions, in Greece, as a result of the greenhouse effect. Meteorological Applications, 14(2), 171–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Olgyay, V. (1973). Design with climate: bioclimatic approach to architectural regionalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Olgyay, V. (2015). Design with climate: bioclimatic approach to architectural regionalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ozsahin, E., Kaymaz, C. K., & Albayrak, L. (2015). Analysis of the bioclimatical comfortable conditions of Artvin province and its importance in tourism. International Journal of Human Sciences, 2(2), 1050–1077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Steadman, R. G. (1979). The assessment of sultriness, part I: temperature–humidity index based on human physiology and clothing science. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 18, 861–873.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Thom, E. C. (1959). The discomfort index. Wheather wise, 12, 57–60.Google Scholar
  22. Topay, M. (2012). Importance of thermal comfort in the sustainable landscape planning. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13(3), 1480–1487.Google Scholar
  23. Topay, M. (2013). Mapping of thermal comfort for outdoor recreation planning using GIS: The case of Isparta Province (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 37(1), 110–120.Google Scholar
  24. Topay, M., & Parladir, M. O. (2015). Suitability analysis for alternative tourism activities with the help of GIS: A case study of Isparta province. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 21(2), 300–309.Google Scholar
  25. Toroglu, E., Adiguzel, F., & Kaya, O. (2015). Kizildag Plateau Karaisali-Adana. In: Highland culture and Transhumance symposium, Bilecik Seyh Edebali University Publications (Eds: HarunTuncel), 6–7 Nov 2014, Published on Mar 2015 (pp. 273–296). Bilecik (in Turkish).Google Scholar
  26. Toy, S., & Yılmaz, S. (2009). The importance for bioclimatic comfort and living space in landscape design, Ataturk University. Journal of Agricultural Faculty, 40(1), 133–139.Google Scholar
  27. TSMS. (2016). Turkish State Meteorology Affairs General Directorate of Aydin, Meteorology values of Aydin for 1960–2015 meteorological data.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureKastamonu UniversityKastamonuTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Golhisar Vocational School of Higher EducationMehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Geography, Institute of Social SciencesKahramanmaraş Sutcu Imam UniversityKahramanmarasTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Geography, Institute of Social SciencesHarran UniversitySanlıurfaTurkey

Personalised recommendations