Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 233–253 | Cite as

Behavioral intentions toward genetically modified crops in Southwest Iran: a multi-stakeholder analysis



This study examined the influencing factors of the self-reported behavioral intentions toward genetically modified (GM) crops using a multi-stakeholder approach in the Khuzestan Province in Southwest Iran. The study focused on three different groups, including: “agricultural students,” “agricultural private firms’ managers” and “rich-resource farmers.” Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire and was analyzed by SPSS (V20) and AMOS (V20). Results indicated that the respondents perceive more benefits than risks for GM crops and that the perception of benefits and risks, respectively, had positive and negative impacts on the self-reported behavioral intention of the respondents. The knowledge of the respondents regarding these crops had positive impacts on perception of benefits. The results showed that both managers and students worried about the food safety and impact of GM crops on human health while farmers worried about the environmental risks of GM crops. The results also revealed that those who are the most conscious about GM crops are more trusted. The findings also showed that the majority of the respondents hold a positive view of the potential of GM crops.


Food security Biotechnology Perception Adoption Agricultural development Behavioral intention 



The authors wish to thank Ms. Bethany Gardner from the Department of Linguistics, Binghamton University for her kind help in improving the English of this text.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Extension and EducationRamin Agriculture and Natural Resources University of KhuzestanAhvazIran
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Extension and EducationTehran UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental SciencesHasselt UniversityHasseltBelgium
  4. 4.Economics and Rural DevelopmentGembloux Agro-Bio Tech (ULg)GemblouxBelgium
  5. 5.Department of GeographyGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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