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Environment, Development and Sustainability

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 1087–1102 | Cite as

Factors influencing the food transition in riverine communities in the Brazilian Amazon

  • Rodrigo de Jesus SilvaEmail author
  • Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello
  • Gabriela Bielefeld Nardoto
  • Edmar Antônio Mazzi
  • Luiz Antônio Martinelli
Case Study

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the main patterns and factors influencing food transition in riverine people in the Brazilian Amazon. Through interviews with a semi-structured questionnaire, we inferred their food habits and provide information about general demographic, socioeconomic, resource use and environmental context. Data from the questionnaires were categorized and analyzed using a logistic regression model to assess the relative influence of socioeconomic and environment factors on the local diet. Based on a logistic regression data analysis, it was found a greater consumption of processed food significantly associated with multiple factors such as market participation, sex (female and male), government aid to forest conservation and environment context (upland and wetland). Although the local diet is composed mainly of local resources such as fish and cassava flour, increasing incomes due to direct government subsidy programs and marketing of cassava flour have influenced these local practices and habits. Through the analysis of factors influencing food transition, it was possible to evaluate those having the greatest effect on this Amazon region and propose an alternative method to subsidy food policy grounded in local opinion surveys.

Keywords

Diet change Food policy Market participation Socioeconomic development 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the communities studied for their patience and kindness in providing information so important for the production of this article and the Foundation Research Support of the State of São Paulo (FAPESP), which enabled the development of this work. Thanks furthermore to Jim Hesson of AcademicEnglishSolutions.com and Luciana Ogando Federal University of Acre (UFAC) who revised the English.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodrigo de Jesus Silva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Elisa de Paula Eduardo Garavello
    • 2
  • Gabriela Bielefeld Nardoto
    • 3
  • Edmar Antônio Mazzi
    • 4
  • Luiz Antônio Martinelli
    • 4
  1. 1.Universidade Federal do Acre (UFAC)Distrito Industrial, Rio BrancoBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Economia, Administração e Sociologia, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” (ESALQ)Universidade de São Paulo (USP)PiracicabaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Ciências BiológicasUniversidade de Brasília (UnB)BrasíliaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Ecologia Isotópica, Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA)Universidade de São Paulo (USP)PiracicabaBrazil

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