Factors influencing the food transition in riverine communities in the Brazilian Amazon
- 431 Downloads
The objective of this study was to determine the main patterns and factors influencing food transition in riverine people in the Brazilian Amazon. Through interviews with a semi-structured questionnaire, we inferred their food habits and provide information about general demographic, socioeconomic, resource use and environmental context. Data from the questionnaires were categorized and analyzed using a logistic regression model to assess the relative influence of socioeconomic and environment factors on the local diet. Based on a logistic regression data analysis, it was found a greater consumption of processed food significantly associated with multiple factors such as market participation, sex (female and male), government aid to forest conservation and environment context (upland and wetland). Although the local diet is composed mainly of local resources such as fish and cassava flour, increasing incomes due to direct government subsidy programs and marketing of cassava flour have influenced these local practices and habits. Through the analysis of factors influencing food transition, it was possible to evaluate those having the greatest effect on this Amazon region and propose an alternative method to subsidy food policy grounded in local opinion surveys.
KeywordsDiet change Food policy Market participation Socioeconomic development
We thank the communities studied for their patience and kindness in providing information so important for the production of this article and the Foundation Research Support of the State of São Paulo (FAPESP), which enabled the development of this work. Thanks furthermore to Jim Hesson of AcademicEnglishSolutions.com and Luciana Ogando Federal University of Acre (UFAC) who revised the English.
- Begossi, A. (2001). Resiliência e populações neotradicionais: Os caiçaras (Mata Atlântica) e os caboclos (Amazônia, Brasil). In A. C. Diegues & A. C. C. Moreira (Eds.), Espaços e recursos de uso comum (pp. 205–236). São Paulo: Nupaub (USP).Google Scholar
- Brondizio, E. S. (2008). The amazonian caboclo and the Açaí palm: Forest farmers in the global market. New York: New York Botanical Garden Press.Google Scholar
- Fisberg, R. G., Marchioni, D. M. L. (2012). Manual de avaliação do consumo alimentar em estudos populacionais: a experiência do inquérito de saúde em São Paulo (ISA)/Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública. Grupo de Pesquisa de Avaliação do Consumo Alimentar. São Paulo: Faculdade de Saúde Pública da USP.Google Scholar
- Gragnani, J. G., Garavello, M. E. P. E., Silva, R. J., Nardoto, G. B., & Martinelli, L. A. (2013). Can stable isotope analysis reveal dietary differences among groups with distinct income levels in the city of Piracicaba (southeast region, Brazil)? Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics, 10, 1–7.Google Scholar
- Ivanova, S. A. (2010). Dietary change in ribeirinha women: evidence of a nutrition transition in the Brazilian Amazon? Columbus: Ohio State University. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=osu1275491285&disposition=inline. Accessed 20 June 2015.
- Kim, S., Moon, S., & Popkin, B. M. (2000). The nutrition transition in South Korea. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(1), 44–53.Google Scholar
- Monteiro, C. A., Mondini, L., Souza, A. L., & Popkin, B. M. (1995). The nutrition transition in Brazil. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 49, 105–113.Google Scholar
- Moran, E. (1990). A ecologia humana das populações da Amazônia. Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro: Vozes.Google Scholar
- Nardoto, G. B., Murrieta, R. S. S., Prates, L. E. G., Adams, C., Garavello, M. E. P. E., Schor, T., et al. (2011). Frozen chicken for wild fish: Nutritional transition in the Brazilian Amazon region determined by carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios in fingernails. American Journal of Human Biology, 23, 642–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Noda, S. N., Noda, H., Pereira, H. S., & Martins, A. L. U. (2001). Utilização e Apropriação das Terras por Agricultura Familiar Amazonense de Várzeas. In A. C. Diegues & A. C. Moreira (Eds.), Espaços e Recursos Naturais de Uso Comum (pp. 181–204). São Paulo: Edusp/Nupaub.Google Scholar
- Pollan, M. (2008). Em Defesa da Comida: Um manifesto. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: Intrínseca.Google Scholar
- Popkin, B. M. (2006). Global nutrition dynamics: The world is shifting rapidly toward a diet linked with non-communicable diseases. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 84, 289–298.Google Scholar
- R Development Core Team (2012). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. http://www.R-project.org/. Accessed 18 Dec 2014.
- Rutishauser, I. H. E. (2002). Dietary intake measurements. Public Health Nutrition, 8(7A), 1100–1107.Google Scholar
- Silva, A. L., & Begossi, A. (2007). Biodiversity, food consumption and ecological niche dimension: A study case of the Riverine Populations from the Rio Negro, Amazonia, Brazil. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 11(3), 1–24.Google Scholar
- Sioli, H. (1990). Amazônia fundamentos da ecologia da maior região de florestas tropicais. Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Max-Planck de Limnologia, Editora Vozes Ltda.Google Scholar
- Venturato, R. D., & Pereira, K. J. C. (2010). Aspects of food sovereignty and labor sharing in domestic units at the Mamirauá and Amanã sustainable development reserves. UAKARI, 6, 21–33.Google Scholar
- Xu, J., Chen, L., Lu, Y., & Fu, B. (2006). Local people’s perceptions as decision support for protected area management in Wolong Biosphere Reserve. China. Journal of Environmental Management, 78(4), 362–372.Google Scholar
- Zaluar, A. (2000). A Máquina e a Revolta: As organizações populares e o significado da pobreza (2nd ed.). São Paulo: Brasiliense.Google Scholar