Skip to main content
Log in

Awareness on usage of contaminated groundwater around Perungudi dumpsite, Tamil Nadu, India

  • Published:
Environment, Development and Sustainability Aims and scope Submit manuscript


Groundwater is the major drinking water source both in urban and rural area. Mostly in urban and peri-urban areas of developing countries, groundwater is more susceptible to contamination due to urbanization. Therefore, the awareness of usage of groundwater has to be analysed to frame the policy measures and to suggest proper intervention programs. The community residing around Perungudi dumpsite, Tamil Nadu, India, has been chosen to assess the awareness on usage of groundwater using regression model. The groundwater flow and quality analysis assessed technically is in line with people’s perception on groundwater quality. The model results clearly indicate that the socio-economic status (β = 0.167) and distance (β = 0.305) play a major role in groundwater usage. Though 31.2 % of respondents reported that the water quality is bad within 1 km in the contaminated area, 45 % of low socio-economic categories depend on well water. This shows the unawareness of health issues due to the usage of contaminated water. Proper policies have to be framed, especially for the contaminated site to get rid of adverse health impacts due to long-term exposure of contaminated water.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Similar content being viewed by others


  • Abdalla, C. W., Roac, B. A., & Epp, D. J. (1992). Valuing environmental quality changes using averting expenditures: An application to groundwater contamination. Land Economics, 68(2), 163–169.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Abrahams, N. A., Hubel, B. J., & Jordan, J. L. (2000). Joint production and averting expenditure measures of willingness-to-pay: Do water expenditures really measure avoidance costs? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 82, 427–437.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Buor, D. (2003). Water needs and women’s health in the Kumasi metropolitan area, Ghana. Health and Place, 10(1), 85–103.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Damodar, P., & Thiruvenkatachari, V. (2004). Diarrhoeal diseases in Nepal water supply and sanitation status. Journal of Water Health, 2, 71–81.

    Google Scholar 

  • Garbos, S., & Swiecicka, S. (2010). QC/QA scheme applied for monitoring of metals concentrations in water intended for human consumption sampled from the area of Warsaw performed by ICP-MS and ICP-OES techniques. In COST Action 637-Meteau: 4th international conference proceedings 2010, Kristianstad, Sweden.

  • Haq, M., Mustafa, U., & Ahmad, I. (2007). Household’s willingness to pay for safe drinking water: A case study of district Abbottabad. The Pakistan Development Review, 46(4), 1137–1153.

    Google Scholar 

  • Howard, G., Chave, P., Bakir, P., & Hoque, B. (2006). Socioeconomic, institutional and legal aspects in groundwater assessment and protection. In WHO: Protecting groundwater for health: Managing the quality of drinking water sources. IWA Publishing.

  • Jalan, J., Somanathan, E., & Chaudhri, S. (2009). Awareness and the demand for environmental quality: Survey evidence on drinking water in urban India. Environment and Development Economics, 14(6), 665–692.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nguyen, H. T. L., Chalin, C. G., Larn, T. M., & Maclaren, V. W. (2009). Health and social needs of waste pickers in Vietnam.

  • Parameswari, K., Mudgal, B. V., & Nelliyat, Prakash. (2012). Evaluating contamination potential of leachate from municipal solid waste dumpsite on groundwater and its implications on the habitations in Perungudi, South Chennai, India—An interdisciplinary approach environment. Development and Sustainability, 14(5), 725–744.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rhoten, D., & Parker, A. (2004). Risks and rewards of interdisciplinary research path. Science, 306(5704), 2046.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sattar, A., & Ahmad, E. (2007). HHs preferences for safe drinking water. International Journal of Human Development, 3(1), 23–36.

    Google Scholar 

  • Trung, K. T., & Mahidon, M. (2008). Assessing arsenic contamination awareness of groundwater dependent residents in the Hanoi area. Vietnam.

  • Wait I (2008) Changing perceptions: Water quality and demand in the United Arab Emirates. In 13th IWRA World Water Congress.

Download references


The authors thank Wageningen University, Netherlands, and SaciWATERs, Hyderabad, for providing research fellowship to carry out the present work. The authors are grateful to Prof. R. Sakthivadivel, Anna University, Chennai, for his guidance and critical review.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. Parameswari.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Parameswari, K., Mudgal, B.V. & Padmini, T.K. Awareness on usage of contaminated groundwater around Perungudi dumpsite, Tamil Nadu, India. Environ Dev Sustain 18, 657–668 (2016).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: