Skip to main content

Research and education for sustainability in a beekeeping project in sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract

Support to small farmers is at the heart of the fight against poverty. However, the continuous provision of support poses a major challenge which greatly affects the sustainability of development-related projects. Using a research and education approach, in which beekeeping was introduced into the curriculum of two secondary schools, we tested the potential of knowledge transfer as a means of promoting beekeeping. In this paper, we show that, with an educational program tailored to the audience needs, knowledge transfer and self-start-ups ensure better sustainability than material support. We further discuss the implications of these results in the sustenance of beekeeping as a development-related activity.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  • Barker, K. (2002). At the helm: A laboratory navigator. Cold spring Harbor, New York: CSHL press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bradbear, N., Fisher, E., & Jackson, H. (2002). Strengthening livelihoods: Exploring the role of beekeeping in development. Troy, UK: Bees for Development.

    Google Scholar 

  • Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2011). Connected: The surprising power of our social networks and how they shape our lives. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Company Hachette Book Group.

  • Diamond, J. M. (2006). Collapse: How societies choose to fail or succeed. New York, NY: Viking Penguin Group.

  • Frazier, M., Muli, E., Conklin, T., Schmehl, D., Torto, B., Frazier, J., et al. (2010). A scientific note on Varroa destructor found in East Africa; threat or opportunity? Apidologie, 41, 463–465.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gianquinto, G., Tromboni, F., & Orsini, F. (2004). Development needs assessment and project evaluation of Nyeri, Laikipia and Nyandarua Districts, Kenya. Kenya: CARITAS-Nyeri.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kates, R. W., Clark, W. C., Corell, R., Hall, J. M., Jaeger, C. C., Lowe, I., et al. (2001). Sustainability science. Science, 292, 641–642.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nazzi, F. (1992). Morphometric analysis of honey bees from an area of racial hybridization in northeastern Italy. Apidologie, 23, 89–96.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pretty, J. (2008). Agricultural sustainability: Concepts, principles and evidence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 363, 447–465.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raina, S. K., Kioko, E., Zethner, O., & Wren, S. (2011). Forest habitat conservation in Africa using commercially important insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 56, 465–485.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ritter, W., & Akratanakul, P. (2006). Honey bee diseases and pests: A practical guide, agricultural and food engineering technical reports. Rome, Italy: FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

  • Ruttner, F. (1988). Biogeography and taxonmy of the honeybees. Berlin: Springer.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • School of Barbiana (1970). Letter to a Teacher. London, UK: Penguin Books.

  • Strauss, U., Human, H., Gauthier, L., Crewe, R. M., Dietemann, V., & Pirk, C. W. W. (2013). Seasonal prevalence of pathogens and parasites in the savannah honeybee (Apis mellifera scutellata). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 114, 45–52.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Torto, B., Fombong, A. T., Arbogast, R. T., & Teal, P. E. A. (2010). Monitoring Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) with baited bottom board traps: occurrence and seasonal abundance in honey bee colonies in Kenya. Environmental Entomology, 39, 1731–1736.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Various Authors (2012). Starting with bees. An introduction to African beekeeping. Udine, Italy: Forum.

  • Winston, M. (1991). The biology of the honeybee. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • World Bank (2007). Agriculture for development. World development report 2007. Washington, DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge Father Elvino Ortolan (Sirima) and Father Romano Filippi (Nairutia) for their invaluable role as cultural mediators and for providing the warmest hospitality and support, Mario Salvalaggio for accompanying us throughout the project, the Banca di Credito Cooperativo Pordenonese and Banca di Credito Cooperativo di San Giorgio e Meduno for financial support as well as the Consorzio degli Apicoltori of Gorizia, Pordenone and Udine, for providing some beekeeping equipment.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to F. Nazzi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Nazzi, F., Annoscia, D., Del Fabbro, S. et al. Research and education for sustainability in a beekeeping project in sub-Saharan Africa. Environ Dev Sustain 16, 619–632 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-013-9497-2

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-013-9497-2

Keywords

  • Beekeeping
  • Education
  • Research
  • School
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Sustainability