How environmentally focused is the German sustainability strategy? A critical discussion of the indicators used to measure sustainable development in Germany
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There are hardly any critical discussions of sustainable development indicator sets designed for use at the national level. This article aims at rectifying this omission in critical academic research by contributing to the discourse on environmental sustainability with an assessment of the indicator set used for the measurement of sustainable development in Germany. It will evaluate to what extent the sustainable development concept is reflected in the structure of the strategy and analyse in how far fundamental environmental issues are covered by the indicator set. The discussion will show that the environmental dimension of the sustainability concept is not sufficiently integrated in the German National Sustainable Development Strategy. Although the strategy’s indicator set contains a range of environmental indicators, gaps in the German indicator set become apparent when contrasted with important issues of sustainability. It will be concluded that the environmental dimension of the sustainable development concept is not the recurrent theme in either the strategy or the indicator set.
KeywordsMeasurement of sustainable development Sustainability indicators National sustainable development strategy Germany
Clean development mechanism
Federal statistical office
Gross domestic product
Gross national income
Gross national product
Least developed country
Non-methane volatile organic compounds
National sustainable development strategy
Official development assistance
Sustainable development indicator(s)
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