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Environmental, cultural, economic and socio-community sustainability: a framework for sustainable tourism in resort destinations

Abstract

This paper utilizes an inclusive community based sustainability framework with a focus on a resort destination in providing a potential model for more inclusive long-range destination planning and implementation. Four diverse, but interrelated areas of sustainable tourism were specified in this framework for a more comprehensive process including ecological, cultural, economic and socio-community sustainability. In addition a strategic community driven structure, which provides direction, information and practices, serves the purpose of integrating and implementing the framework. The unique tourism destination, Noosa in Australia is used as an example of embracing sustainable tourism as a community and as part of a larger focus on the four key components of sustainability. By viewing sustainable community attributes as assets, all of which are important to manage, enhance and/or conserve, it is expected that the resort community will continue to attract visitors to feel connected and committed to experiencing its lifestyle, sense-of-community and natural features while also contributing to community sustainable stewardship and a strong tourism economy.

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Correspondence to Harold Richins.

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Readers should send their comments on this paper to: BhaskarNath@aol.com within 3 months of publication of this issue.

Dr. Richins is Chair of the Graduate Program within the School of Travel Industry Management at University of Hawaii. He holds a Ph.D. from James Cook University in Australia and a B.S. and M.S. from University of Oregon. Previously he held leadership positions for over 15 years in Australian and New Zealand including Waikato University, University of Newcastle and University of the Sunshine Coast. He was also Chair of the Resort Management program at Sierra Nevada College in Nevada.

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Richins, H. Environmental, cultural, economic and socio-community sustainability: a framework for sustainable tourism in resort destinations. Environ Dev Sustain 11, 785–800 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-008-9143-6

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Keywords

  • Environmental
  • Cultural
  • Economic and socio-community sustainability
  • Resort communities
  • Sustainable tourism
  • Tourism strategy