Environmental Modeling & Assessment

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 271–282 | Cite as

Integrated Traffic and Emission Simulation: a Model Calibration Approach Using Aggregate Information

  • Xiaoliang MaEmail author
  • Zhen Huang
  • Haris Koutsopoulos


Environmental impacts of road traffic have attracted increasing attention in project-level traffic planning and management. The conventional approach considers emission impact analysis as a separate process in addition to traffic modeling. This paper first introduces our research effort to integrate traffic, emission, and dispersion processes into a common distributed computational framework, which makes it efficient to quantify and analyze correlations among dynamic traffic conditions, emission impacts, and air quality consequences. A model calibration approach is particularly proposed when on-road or in-lab instantaneous emission measurements are not directly available. Microscopic traffic simulation is applied to generate dynamic vehicle states at the second-by-second level. Using aggregate emission estimation as standard reference, a numerical optimization scheme on the basis of a stochastic gradient approximation algorithm is applied to find optimal parameters for the dynamic emission model. The calibrated model has been validated on several road networks with traffic states generated by the same simulation model. The results show that with proper formulation of the optimization objective function, the estimated dynamic emission model can capture the trends of aggregate emission patterns of traffic fleets and predict local emission and air quality at higher temporal and spatial resolutions.


Vehicle emission Traffic pollution Integrated modeling Emission models Model calibration SPSA Traffic simulation 



The authors would like to express their gratitude to the Swedish Transport Administration (MEMFIS project) and J. Gustav. Richert Stiftelse (MOPED project) for their support on the emission modeling study. The study on integrated traffic and emission simulation was funded by the Swedish National Energy Agency through the Basic Energy Research programme of the Swedish Research Council.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Traffic and Logistics, Department of Transportation SciencesRoyal Institute of Technology (KTH)StockholmSweden

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