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Cross-version defect prediction: use historical data, cross-project data, or both?



Although a long-running project has experienced many releases, removing defects from a product is still a challenge. Cross-version defect prediction (CVDP) regards project data of prior releases as a useful source for predicting fault-prone modules based on defect prediction techniques. Recent studies have explored cross-project defect prediction (CPDP) that uses the project data from outside a project for defect prediction. While CPDP techniques and CPDP data can be diverted to CVDP, its effectiveness has not been investigated.


To investigate whether CPDP approaches and CPDP data are useful for CVDP. The investigation also compared the usage of prior release data.


We chose a style of replication of a previous comparative study on CPDP approaches.


Some CPDP approaches could improve the performance of CVDP. The use of the latest prior release was the best choice. If one has no CVDP data, the use of CPDP data for CVDP was found to be effective.


1) Some CPDP approaches could improve CVDP, 2), if one can access project data from the latest release, project data from older releases would not bring clear benefit, and 3) even if one has no CVDP data, appropriate CPDP approaches would be able to deliver quality prediction with CPDP data.

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This work was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI under Grant No. 18K11246.

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Correspondence to Sousuke Amasaki.

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This article belongs to the Topical Collection: Predictive Models and Data Analytics in Software Engineering (PROMISE)

Communicated by: Shane McIntosh, Leandro L. Minku, Ayşe Tosun, and Burak Turhan

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Amasaki, S. Cross-version defect prediction: use historical data, cross-project data, or both?. Empir Software Eng (2020).

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  • Cross-version defect prediction
  • Cross-project defect prediction
  • Comparative study