, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 413–445 | Cite as

Gender in intergenerational educational persistence across time and place

  • Alyssa SchneebaumEmail author
  • Bernhard Rumplmaier
  • Wilfried Altzinger
Original Paper


Primarily using data from the 2010 European Social Survey, we analyze intergenerational educational persistence in 20 European countries, studying cross-country and cross-cluster differences; changes in the degree of intergenerational persistence over time; and the role of gender in determining educational persistence across generations. We find that persistence is highest in the Southern and Eastern European countries, and lowest in the Nordic countries. While persistence in the Nordic and Southern countries has declined over time, it has remained relatively steady in the rest of Europe. Our analysis highlights the importance of a detailed gender analysis in studying intergenerational persistence, finding that mothers’ education is a stronger determinant of daughters’ (instead of sons’) education and fathers’ education a stronger determinant of the education of their sons. For most clusters, declines in intergenerational persistence over time are largely driven by increasing mobility for younger women.


Intergenerational persistence Educational attainment  Educational welfare states Europe Gender 

JEL Classification

J62 I24 I38 D63 



The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007–2013 under grant agreement no. 290647.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alyssa Schneebaum
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bernhard Rumplmaier
    • 1
  • Wilfried Altzinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Vienna University of Economics and BusinessViennaAustria

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