Determination of some element levels in various kinds of cow’s milk processed in different ways

Abstract

This study aimed to measure zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), and aluminum (Al) in whole, semi-skimmed, skimmed, organic, fruit-flavored (strawberry, banana, and cocoa), pasteurized, and raw cows’ milk. The samples were collected from sterilized and pasteurized milk processed in different ways in Ankara; the milk was kept in refrigerated raw milk storage tanks on dairy farms. Ninety samples were collected, and there were ten samples in each group. Analyses were performed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Lead and Cd were not found in any samples, while Zn was observed in all samples. The element with the highest frequency of occurrence was Zn, followed by Cr = As> Al > Se > Fe > Ni > Cu > Pb = Cd, in decreasing order. The lowest concentration among the essential elements was seen in Cu. Aluminum and As were found in 85% and 94.45% of the samples, respectively. However, the present concentrations were below the level of a probable negative effect. It was found that the concentrations of elements in milk showed statistically significant differences, depending on the milk type. It is recommended that low-quality materials not be used in the preparation of milk; the element concentrations in milk and the feed and water consumed by animals should be controlled regularly, and the animals should not be pastured near industrial and traffic sites to protect public health.

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Correspondence to Ayhan Filazi.

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This study was summarized from same named Master thesis by Fatma Esra Totan, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Ankara University.

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Totan, F.E., Filazi, A. Determination of some element levels in various kinds of cow’s milk processed in different ways. Environ Monit Assess 192, 112 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-8088-6

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Keywords

  • Element
  • Flavored
  • Fruit
  • ICP-MS
  • Metal
  • Milk