To be able to geographically map, model and evaluate noisy sound emissions from industrial motors, emphases have been laid on various phenomena linked to the propagation of sound waves and their effects on the environment. The failure to respect factory-servicing norms coupled with the depreciation of parts of an industrial motor lead to additional sound production, which due to an accumulation in acoustic power and pressure levels contributes to environmental noise pollution. In this work, a study has been carried out on environmental noise pollution from a thermal power plant in Cameroon, using empirical, diagrammatic, analytical and noise map elaboration methods, with the aim of proposing an optimal protection of the surroundings of the thermal plant from the noise pollution. The results obtained show a similarity in propagation of acoustic pressure and power levels for the different types of frequencies considered. Besides these, the study has revealed that the inhabitants are exposed to sound levels higher than the upper limit of 50 dB and above the alert threshold level of 80 dB. At the geo-localized motors of the plant, the primary sources of acoustic power levels were found to fall within the range from 60 to 98 dB, which is very close to the acoustic pressure levels of between 60 and 95 dB. Due to dispersion of sound, the acoustic power levels are also felt at different points around the plant, considered here as secondary sources. From a general point of view, the observed distribution of the iso-sound contours from the collected data and their general NE-SW orientations show the development of new sources due to cumulative effects and superposition of sound waves at regular intervals. At the same time, the acoustic power and pressure levels have been found to be higher than 80 dB, which is the threshold value for human hearing. This therefore is considered detrimental to human health and wellbeing, provoking the need for a more profound investigation on the existing correlation between levels of sound due to stationary sources and frequency in a high sound medium and elaborating a strategic noise map for the town of Mbalmayo and its environs.
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The authors wish to express their gratitude to ENEO who permit them to take a collect data within the Mbalmayo Thermal Power Plant.
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Seutche, J.C., Nsouandélé, J.L., Njingti-Nfor et al. Geographical mapping and modelling of noise pollution from industrial motors: a case study of the Mbalmayo Thermal Power Plant in Cameroon. Environ Monit Assess 191, 765 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-019-7940-z
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