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Comparative effect of compost and technosol enhanced with biochar on the fertility of a degraded soil


A large number of studies on the reclamation of mine soils focused on the problem caused by metals and did not explore in depth the issue of nutrients and vegetation after the application of organic materials. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two treatments made of wastes and vegetated with Brassica juncea L. on the fertility of a settling pond mine soil. The first treatment was compost, biochar, and B. juncea (SCBP) and the second treatment was technosol, biochar, and B. juncea (STBP). This study evaluated the effect of the treatments on the soil nutrient concentrations and fertility conditions in the soil amendment mixtures, after 11 months of greenhouse experiment. Total carbon and nitrogen concentrations were higher in treatment SCBP than in treatment STBP after 7 months but, after 11 months, carbon concentration was higher in STBP. The used technosol could have forms of carbon more stable than compost, which could be released slower than in the compost-amended soils. Both compost and technosol mixed with biochar also increased the concentration of calcium, potassium, magnesium, and sodium in exchangeable form in the mine soil.

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Correspondence to Rubén Forján.

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Forján, R., Rodríguez-Vila, A., Cerqueira, B. et al. Comparative effect of compost and technosol enhanced with biochar on the fertility of a degraded soil. Environ Monit Assess 190, 610 (2018).

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  • Settling pond soil
  • Compost
  • Technosol
  • Biochar
  • Soil reclamation
  • Soil nutrients
  • Degraded soil