Metal accumulation in populations of Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth from diverse anthropogenically degraded sites (SE Europe, Serbia)

  • Dragana Ranđelović
  • Ksenija Jakovljević
  • Nevena Mihailović
  • Slobodan Jovanović


Heavy metal accumulation is recognized as a very important global pollution problem in the last decades. Plant species have been recognized as natural bioindicators of environmental pollution, especially the amount of heavy metals in soils. Moreover, only a limited number of plant species can survive in highly contaminated soils. It is also known that metal accumulation can vary greatly among different populations of the same species. This study examines the chemical composition and accumulation potential of the expansive clonal grass Calamagrostis epigejos at five localities exposed to different levels of anthropogenic pressure. Considerable differences were observed between uptake, translocation, and accumulation of total and available heavy metals, such differences corresponding to soil physico-chemical characteristics and the level of site pollution. The results indicate that Calamagrostis epigejos uptakes a significant portion of the available fraction of heavy metals in the soil and stores it in the roots, thereby exhibiting a certain potential for metal phytostabilization.


Heavy metal Anthropogenic pollution Uptake Phytoremediation 



Authors would like to thank Mr. Raymond Dooley for the linguistic editing.

Funding Information

The Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia supported this research through Projects number 176016 and 173030.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Dragana Ranđelović
    • 1
  • Ksenija Jakovljević
    • 2
  • Nevena Mihailović
    • 3
  • Slobodan Jovanović
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Mining and Geology, Department of Mineralogy, Crystallography, Petrology and GeochemistryUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Biology, Institute of Botany and Botanical GardenUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy – INEPUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia

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