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Study of macro and microelements in fish from the Cienfuegos Bay. Relationship with its content in sediments

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Thirteen microelements (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Ni, Ti, V, and Zn) and four macroelements (Ca, K, Mg, and Na) were determined in the edible muscle tissue of fish in Cienfuegos Bay. Eight species, Albula vulpes, Diapterus rhombeus, Gerres cinereus, Haemulon carbonarium, Haemulon sciurus, Micropogonias furnieri, Kyphosus sectatrix, and Lutjanus cyanopterus were studied. The total concentrations and extracted concentrations using HCl were also determined in sediments. The quality of the analysis was guaranteed by validating the used analytical methods with certified reference materials of fish and sediments. The high content of macroelements confirmed the importance of fish as a valuable source of food for the local population. New information is provided on bioaccumulation of toxic elements As, Cd, Cu, Zn, and Cr in fish of the bay, with concentrations that overcame the local or international maximum allowable levels for human consumption in most samples analyzed. A high correlation between the content of toxic elements As, Cd, Zn, and macroelement K in fish and its concentration extracted from sediments using the HCl extraction method was observed.

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The authors are grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq Grants 314505/2014-8 and 401074/2014-5) for the financial support. The authors are also grateful to the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP, Grant 2012/01769-3). The authors also wish to thank to the CAPES/MES CUBA DOCENTE Edital No 009/2013 for the financial support for a research stay at the Federal University of São Carlos. This work is part of the environmental studies of The Network of Environmental Studies at the University of Havana, Cuba.

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Correspondence to M. S. Pomares-Alfonso.

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Peña-Icart, M., Rodrigues Pereira-Filho, E., Lopes Fialho, L. et al. Study of macro and microelements in fish from the Cienfuegos Bay. Relationship with its content in sediments. Environ Monit Assess 189, 427 (2017).

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