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An optical remote sensing approach for ecological monitoring of red and green Noctiluca scintillans

Abstract

An ecosystem disruptive bloom of red Noctiluca scintillans (hereafter Noctiluca) was observed in coastal waters of the north-western Bay of Bengal during April 2014. Based on the principle of phytoplankton group/species specific remote sensing reflectance (Rrs), a technique of detecting green Noctiluca and diatom was developed earlier using Rrs at 443, 488, and 531 nm of Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer-Aqua (MODIS). This was appropriately modified to detect bloom of red Noctiluca in coastal waters of the Bay of Bengal. Additional Rrs data at longer wavelengths viz. 667 and 678 nm were included in the existing algorithm, and the spectral shapes were accounted to detect the bloom of red Noctiluca. The classification scheme discriminates red Noctiluca from the green form of the same species and diatom. Phytoplankton group/species products were generated using the modified approach and validated with the reported events of red and green Noctiluca blooms in the Indian coastal waters. The present study also highlights two specific results based on MODIS retrieved time-series phytoplankton group/species image analysis: first, the observation of coexistence of diatom, red, and green Noctiluca in coastal waters of the north-western Bay of Bengal, and the second, phytoplankton community shift resulting in red/green Noctiluca proliferation following diatom.

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Acknowledgements

Access of MODIS data from Ocean Color Web (http://oceancolor.gsfc.nasa.gov) supported by the Ocean Biology Processing Group (OBPG) at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center is gratefully acknowledged. Facilities of Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) sponsored Satellite Coastal and Oceanographic Research (SATCORE) program to Berhampur University, Odisha have been availed for in situ observations. Thanks are also extended to CMLRE for providing in situ datasets collected onboard FORV Sagar Sampada.

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Baliarsingh, S.K., Dwivedi, R.M., Lotliker, A.A. et al. An optical remote sensing approach for ecological monitoring of red and green Noctiluca scintillans . Environ Monit Assess 189, 330 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6037-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6037-9

Keywords

  • Algal bloom
  • Diatom
  • Red Noctiluca
  • Green Noctiluca
  • Remote sensing
  • Bay of Bengal