Trophic state assessment of Bhindawas Lake, Haryana, India

  • Ridhi Saluja
  • J. K. GargEmail author


Trophic state allows for identification of problems and pressures that an ecosystem faces as well as demarcation of remedial measures. This study focuses on spatial and temporal variations in the trophic state and detection of possible causes of its divergence in Bhindawas Lake, India. The trophic state of the lake undulated between eutrophic and hyper-eutrophic state throughout the study period. Higher phosphorus concentration within the lake ecosystem is the dominant causal factor for its eutrophic state. The influence of other water quality parameters has also been analyzed using Spearman’s coefficient of correlation. Deviations between trophic state index (TSI)-chlorophyll-a (Chl-a), TSI-total phosphorus (TP), and TSI-Secchi depth (SD) pointed out that the lake is principally phosphorus limited, and its trophic status is influenced by non-algal turbidity to a large extent. Spatial analysis of trophic levels in geographic information system (GIS) helped in identification of pollution sources and chemical attributes affecting the trophic state of the lake. This study provides a rationale for further investigation of nutrient and sediment loading into the lake system and development of sustainable management and conservation strategy identifying suitable measures ascertaining the ecosystem integrity.


Trophic state index Chlorophyll Secchi depth Total phosphorus Spatial interpolation 



First author thankfully acknowledges INSPIRE Division, Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, and Govt. of India for INSPIRE Fellowship. The authors also express gratitude to Dr. Amrinder Kaur, Additional PCCF cum Chief Wildlife Warden, Haryana Forest Department; and Mr. Jai Bhagwan, wildlife inspector, and field staff at Bhindawas Lake for cooperation and necessary support during sampling.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University School of Environment Management, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha UniversityDelhiIndia

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