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Determining an appropriate method for the purpose of land allocation for ecotourism development (case study: Taleghan County, Iran)

Abstract

Appropriate management and planning of suitable areas for the development of ecotourism activities can play an important role in ensuring proper use of the environment. Due to the complexity of nature, applying different tools and models—particularly multi-criteria methods—can be useful in order to achieve these goals. In this study, to indicate suitable areas (land allocation) for ecotourism activities in Taleghan county, weighted linear combination (WLC) using geographical information system (GIS), fuzzy logic, and analytical network process (ANP) were used. To compare the applicability of each of these methods in achieving the goal, the results were compared with the previous model presented by Makhdoum. The results showed that the WLC and ANP methods are more efficient than the Makhdoum model in allocating lands for recreational areas and ecotourism purposes since concomitant use of fuzzy logic and ANP for ranking and weighing the criteria provides us with more flexible and logical conditions. Furthermore, the mentioned method makes it possible to involve ecological, economic, and social criteria simultaneously in the evaluation process in order to allocate land for ecotourism purposes.

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Correspondence to S. Babaie Kafaky.

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Aliani, H., Kafaky, S.B., Saffari, A. et al. Determining an appropriate method for the purpose of land allocation for ecotourism development (case study: Taleghan County, Iran). Environ Monit Assess 188, 651 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5651-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5651-2

Keywords

  • Ecotourism
  • Decision-making
  • ANP
  • WLC
  • Delphi
  • Taleghan