Environmental status and geochemical assessment sediments of Lake Skadar, Montenegro

  • Vlatko KastratovićEmail author
  • Željko Jaćimović
  • Miljan Bigović
  • Dijana Đurović
  • Slađana Krivokapić


The environmental mobility and geochemical partitioning of ten metals were examined in sediments collected from the six locations around Lake Skadar in Montenegro. A three-step sequential extraction procedure was used to determine the distribution of the metals in various substrates of lacustrine sediments, and the concentrations were measured in the liquid extract by ICP-OES. The largest portion of the total amount of cadmium, strontium and manganese can be found in sediment bound to the hydrated iron and manganese oxides; cobalt, lead, copper and nickel in the oxidizable fraction and the highest portion of chromium, vanadium and zinc are in the residual fraction. The most mobilized and potentially mobile metals are strontium, cadmium and cobalt while the most immobilized metals are chromium, vanadium and zinc. Based on geochemical parameters, an assessment of sediment contamination by the investigated metals was performed and the results showed potential risks ranging from “no risk” to “low risk” to the environment.


Lake Skadar Sediment Environmental status Sequential extraction 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vlatko Kastratović
    • 1
    Email author
  • Željko Jaćimović
    • 2
  • Miljan Bigović
    • 1
  • Dijana Đurović
    • 3
  • Slađana Krivokapić
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Natural Sciences and MathematicsUniversity of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro
  3. 3.Institute of Public Health of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro

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