Significant spatial variability of bioavailable PAHs in water column and sediment porewater in the Gulf of Mexico 1 year after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill

  • Yongseok Hong
  • Dana Wetzel
  • Erin L. Pulster
  • Pete Hull
  • Danny Reible
  • Hyun-Min Hwang
  • Pan Ji
  • Erik Rifkin
  • Edward Bouwer
Article

Abstract

One year after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill accident, semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) and polyethylene devices (PEDs) were deployed in wetland areas and coastal areas of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) to monitor polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The measured PAH levels with the PEDs in coastal areas were 0.05–1.9 ng/L in water and 0.03–9.7 ng/L in sediment porewater. With the SPMDs, the measured PAH levels in wetlands (Barataria Bay) were 1.4–73 ng/L in water and 3.3–107 ng/L in porewater. The total PAH concentrations in the coastal areas were close to the reported baseline PAH concentrations in GOM; however, the total PAH concentrations in the wetland areas were one or two orders of magnitude higher than those reported in the coastal areas. In light of the significant spatial variability of PAHs in the Gulf’s environments, baseline information on PAHs should be obtained in specific areas periodically.

Keywords

Deepwater Horizon oil spill Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Semipermeable membrane devices Polyethylene devices Risk assessment 

Supplementary material

10661_2015_4867_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.6 mb)
ESM 1(DOC 2708 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongseok Hong
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Dana Wetzel
    • 4
  • Erin L. Pulster
    • 4
  • Pete Hull
    • 4
  • Danny Reible
    • 5
  • Hyun-Min Hwang
    • 6
  • Pan Ji
    • 1
  • Erik Rifkin
    • 3
  • Edward Bouwer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringDaegu UniversityGyeongsan-siRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.National Aquarium Conservation CenterBaltimore National AquariumBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Aquatic Toxicology ProgramMote Marine LaboratorySarasotaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  6. 6.Department of Environmental Science and TechnologyTexas Southern UniversityHoustonUSA

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