This study is aimed at analyzing urban change within Istanbul and assessing the city’s future growth potential using appropriate approach modeling for the year 2040. Urban growth is a major driving force of land-use change, and spatial and temporal components of urbanization can be identified through accurate spatial modeling. In this context, widely used urban modeling approaches, such as the Markov chain and logistic regression based on cellular automata (CA), were used to simulate urban growth within Istanbul. The distance from each pixel to the urban and road classes, elevation, and slope, together with municipality and land use maps (as an excluded layer), were identified as factors. Calibration data were obtained from remotely sensed data recorded in 1972, 1986, and 2013. Validation was performed by overlaying the simulated and actual 2013 urban maps, and a kappa index of agreement was derived. The results indicate that urban expansion will influence mainly forest areas during the time period of 2013–2040. The urban expansion was predicted as 429 and 327 km2 with the Markov chain and logistic regression models, respectively.
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Akın, A., Sunar, F. & Berberoğlu, S. Urban change analysis and future growth of Istanbul. Environ Monit Assess 187, 506 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-015-4721-1
- Urban growth
- Markov chain
- Logistic regression