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Trace element concentrations in red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) and surface sediments in Lake Preola and Gorghi Tondi natural reserve, SW Sicily

  • A. Bellante
  • V. MaccaroneEmail author
  • G. Buscaino
  • G. Buffa
  • F. Filiciotto
  • A. Traina
  • M. Del Core
  • S. Mazzola
  • M. Sprovieri
Article

Abstract

Concentrations of trace elements (Cd, Pb, As, V, Cr, Ni, Cu and Zn) were determined in superficial sediments and in muscle and hepatopancreas tissues of the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii from Lake Preola and Gorghi Tondi Natural Reserve (SW Sicily). In particular, hepatopancreas showed a decidedly higher content of all analysed trace elements with respect to muscles (two- to threefold higher for Cd, Cu, As, Zn and V; four- to fivefold higher for Pb and Cr and seven times higher for Ni). However, no statistically reliable differential accumulation pattern emerged with regard to length and weight for trace elements (except for Cd for which significant positive correlations with length were recorded). Trace element concentrations found in crayfish tissues were in the range considered harmful to human health (except for Cd and Cr). Moreover, the As and Pb concentrations, either in sediment or crayfish tissues, are clearly related to intense agricultural activities, with extensive use of fertilizers and pesticides, that significantly affect the levels of these toxic metals in the study area.

Keywords

Crayfish Freshwater Trace elements Pollution 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Bellante
    • 1
  • V. Maccarone
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Buscaino
    • 1
  • G. Buffa
    • 1
  • F. Filiciotto
    • 1
  • A. Traina
    • 1
  • M. Del Core
    • 1
  • S. Mazzola
    • 1
  • M. Sprovieri
    • 1
  1. 1.CNR-Istituto per l’Ambiente Marino CostieroCampobello di MazaraItaly

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