Identification of erosional and inundation hazard zones in Ken–Betwa river linking area, India, using remote sensing and GIS

Abstract

Ken–Betwa river link is one of the pilot projects of the Inter Linking of Rivers program of Government of India in Bundelkhand Region. It will connect the Ken and Betwa rivers through a system of dams, reservoirs, and canals to provide storage for excess rainfall during the monsoon season and avoid floods. The main objective of this study is to identify erosional and inundation prone zones of Ken–Betwa river linking site in India using remote sensing and geographic information system tools. In this study, Landsat Thematic Mapper data of year 2005, digital elevation model from the Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission, and other ancillary data were analyzed to create various thematic maps viz. geomorphology, land use/land cover, NDVI, geology, soil, drainage density, elevation, slope, and rainfall. The integrated thematic maps were used for hazard zonation. This is based on categorizing the different hydrological and geomorphological processes influencing the inundation and erosion intensity. Result shows that the southern part of the study area which lies in Panna district of Madhya Pradesh, India, is more vulnerable than the other areas.

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Correspondence to Saumitra Mukherjee.

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Avtar, R., Singh, C.K., Shashtri, S. et al. Identification of erosional and inundation hazard zones in Ken–Betwa river linking area, India, using remote sensing and GIS. Environ Monit Assess 182, 341–360 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1880-6

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Keywords

  • Ken–Betwa river link project (KBLP)
  • SRTM
  • NDVI
  • Erosion
  • Inundation