Skip to main content

Determination of mineral composition in three commercial fish species (Solea solea, Mullus surmuletus, and Merlangius merlangus)

Abstract

This study was monitored to determine the changes in the micromineral and macromineral composition of common sole (Solea solea), striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus), and whiting (Merlangius merlangus) throughout the year. Macromineral concentrations in edible parts of fish species were 444–1,559 mg/kg for Na, 1,975–5,130 mg/kg for K, 228–658 mg/kg for Mg, 187–1,105 mg/kg for Ca, and 2,341–7,341 for P, respectively. The highest mercury contents were found in the autumn months. While the highest protein and lowest fat values were found in the summer, the highest ash contents were found in the spring. Mercury content was found to be over the legislative limits in autumn samples for common sole and in summer for striped red mullet. Lead and cadmium contents of striped red mullet were found to be over the legislative limits throughout year.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • AOAC (1998a). Official method 938.08. Ash of seafood. Fish and other marine products. In J. M. Hungerford & P. Cunniff (Eds.), Official methods of analysis of AOAC International (Chapter 35, p. 6), ISBN 0-935584-54-4 and ISSN 1080-0344.

  • AOAC (1998b). Official method 955.04. Nitrogen (total) in seafood. Fish and other marine products. J. M. Hungerford & P. Cunniff (Eds.), Official methods of analysis of AOAC International (Chapter 35, p. 6), ISBN 0-935584-54-4 and ISSN 1080-0344.

  • Belitz, H. D., Grosch, W., & Schieberle, P. (2001). Lehrbuch der Lebensmittelchemie. Berlin: Springer (ISBN: 3-540-41096-15).

    Google Scholar 

  • Blunden, S., & Wallace, T. (2003). Tin in canned food: A review and understanding of occurrence and effect. Food Chemical Toxicology, 41(12), 1651–1662.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Canlı, M., & Atlı, G. (2003). The relationships between heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) levels and the size of six Mediterranean fish species. Environmental Pollution, 121, 129–136.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Çelik, U., Çakli, Ş., Taşkaya, L. (2002). Bir süpermarkette tüketime sunulan dondurulmuş su ürünlerinin biyokimyasal kompozisyonu, fiziksel ve kimyasal kalite kontrolü. Ege Üniversitesi Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 19, 85–96.

    Google Scholar 

  • Çelik, U., & Oehlenschläger, J. (2004). Determination of zinc and copper in fish samples collected from Northeast Atlantic by DPSAV. Food Chemistry, 87, 343–347.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Çelik, U., & Oehlenschläger, J. (2005). Zinc and copper content in marine fish samples collected from the eastern Mediterranean Sea. European Food Research and Technology, 220, 37–41.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dabeka, R. W., & Mc Kenzie, A. D. (1995). Survey of lead, cadmium, fluoride, nickel, and cobalt in food composites and estimation of dietary intakes of these elements by Canadians in 1986–1988. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 78(4), 897–909.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dural, M., Göksu, M. Z. L., Özak, A. A., & Derici, B. (2006). Bioaccumulation of some heavy metals in different tissues of Dicentrarchus labrax L, 1758, Sparus aurata L, 1758 and Mugil cephalus L, 1758 from the Çamlik Lagoon of the eastern cost of Mediterranean (Turkey). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 118, 65–74.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • EPA (1994). Microwave assisted acid digestion of sediments, sludges, soils, and oils. Method 3051.

  • European Commission (2006). Commission regulation (EC) no. 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Official Journal of the European Union, L364-5/L364-24.

  • FAO (1983). Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products (pp. 5–100). FAO Fishery Circular no. 464.

  • FAO (2008). FishStat Plus—Universal software for fishery statistical time series, capture production 1950–2007 (dataset). http://www.fao.org/fi/website/FIRetrieveAction.do?dom=topic&fid=16073 (dataset download time 20/05/2009).

  • FAO/WHO (1987). Principles of the safety assessment of food additives and contaminants. Geneva: Food Environmental Health Criteria no. 70.

  • FDA (1994). A food labeling guide, reference values for nutrition labe (editorial revisions June 1999) http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/flg-7a.html. Accessed April 2008.

  • Güner, S., Dinçer, B., Alemdag, N., Colak, A., & Tüfekci, M. (1998). Proximate composition and selected mineral content of commercially important fish species from the Black Sea. Journal of Science Food Agriculture, 78, 337–342.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Keskin, Y., Baskaya, R., Özyaral, O., Yurdun, T., Lüleci, N. E., & Hayran, O. (2007). Cadmium, lead, mercury and copper in fish from the Marmara Sea, Turkey. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 78, 258–261.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lendinez, E., Lorenzo, M. L., Cabrera, C., & Lopez, M. C. (2001). Chromium in basic foods of the Spanish diet: Seafood, cereals, vegetables, olive oils and dairy products. The Science of the Total Environment, 278, 183–189.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mattissek, R., Schnepel, M. F., & Steiner, G. (1992). Lebensmittelanalytik, grundzüge, methoden, anwendungen. Berlin: Springer, Zweite korrigierte Auflage (ISBN: 3-540-54684-7).

    Google Scholar 

  • National Research Council (1980). Copper. In Recommended dietary allowances (pp. 151–154). Washington, D.C.: Food Nutrition Board, NRC/NAS.

  • National Research Council (1989). National research council recommended dietary allowances, 10th ed. Washington: National Academy Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Onianwa, P. C., Lawal, J. A., Ogunkeye, A. A., & Orejimi, B. M. (2000). Cadmium and nickel composition of Nigerian foods. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 13, 961–969.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tinggi, U., Reilly, C., & Patterson, C. (1997). Determination of manganese and chromium in foods by atomic absorption spectrometry after wet digestion. Food Chemistry, 60, 123–128.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Türkmen, M., Türkmen, A., Tepe, Y., Ateş, A., & Gökkuş, K. (2008). Determination of metal contaminations in sea foods from Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean seas: Twelve fish species. Food Chemistry, 108, 794–800.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Uluozlu, O. D., Tuzen, M., Mendil, D., & Soylak, M. (2007). Trace metal content in nine species of fish from the Black and Aegean Seas, Turkey. Food Chemistry, 104, 835–840.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Varlık, C., Erkan, N., & Baygar, T. (2004). Su Ürünleri besin bileşimi. In C. Varlık (Ed.), Su Ürünleri İşleme Teknolojisi (pp. 1–43). Istanbul Üniversitesi Yayın No: 4465. Istanbul/Türkiye.

  • Vincent, J. B. (2007). Recent advances in the nutritional biochemistry of trivalent chromium. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 63(01), 41–47.

    Google Scholar 

  • Weilmeier, D. M., & Regenstein, J. M. (2004). Cooking enhances the antioxidant properties of polyphosphates. Journal of Food Science, 69(1), FCT16–FCT23.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • World Health Organization (1989). Toxicological evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. WHO food additives series. Cambridge University Press, no. 24.

  • World Health Organization (1994). Quality directive of potable water (2nd ed., p. 197). WHO.

  • Yılmaz, A. B. (2003). Levels of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cr, Pb, and Zn) in tissue of Mugil cephalus and Trachurus mediterraneus from Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Environmental Research, 92, 277–281.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Özkan Özden.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Özden, Ö., Erkan, N. & Ulusoy, Ş. Determination of mineral composition in three commercial fish species (Solea solea, Mullus surmuletus, and Merlangius merlangus). Environ Monit Assess 170, 353–363 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1238-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1238-5

Keywords

  • Fish
  • Common sole
  • Red mullet
  • Whiting
  • Trace metal
  • Macro mineral
  • ICP–MS