Mumbai harbour, India: gateway for introduction of marine organisms

Abstract

Ships have been identified as one of the important vectors in the translocation of organisms from one bioregion to another leading to bioinvasion. In this context, harbours serve as a gateway for the introduction of alien species. Surveys were carried out in the vicinity of ports of Mumbai for macrobenthic fauna, zooplankton and hard substratum community on three different occasions during 2001–2002. The study shows that 14 polychaete species are recently introduced to this area. Mytilopsis sallei, a bivalve, which is an invasive species in the Indian context continued to be present but was restricted to enclosed docks, indicating preference for embayed water bodies. The polychaete Protula tubularia was abundant in the hard substratum community and is being reported as a possible ship-mediated introduction.

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Gaonkar, C.A., Sawant, S.S., Anil, A.C. et al. Mumbai harbour, India: gateway for introduction of marine organisms. Environ Monit Assess 163, 583–589 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-0860-6

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Keywords

  • Bioinvasion
  • Mumbai harbour
  • Zooplankton
  • Fouling
  • Macrobenthic fauna