Water quality assessment and freshwater fish diversity of Bhadra river, Western Ghats, Karnataka was examined. River water was clear except at one station (BV Site) with rocky and sandy substrate. The mean water quality of study sites were as following, pH 6.98, air temperature 22.66°C, water temperature 20.16°C, dissolved oxygen 8.74 mg/l, total hardness 27 mg/l, alkalinity 48 mg/l (as CaCO3), conductivity 135.5 mhos/cm, COD (15.16 mg/l), and BOD (3.78 mg/l), respectively. Altogether, 56 species of fish representing 31 genera and 15 families were recorded. The Cyprinid family was dominant in the present study. Various diversity index packages have been used to assess the fish diversity. Fish diversity is also correlated with physicochemical variables.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Adholia, U. R. (1992). Bioenergetics of Mansarovar reservoir of Bhopal with special reference to fish production. Tech.Rep. ICAR Project.
APHA (1995). Standard methods for the examination of water-and-wastewater (20th ed.) USA: American Public Health Association.
Armantrout, N. B. (1990). Aquatic habitat inventory (pp. 40). U. S. Department of the Interior, Eugene District, USA Internal Report.
Arunachalam, M. (1999). Methods for fish habitat inventory in streams/rives. In Proc. Workshop. Germplasm Invent. Gene Banking Freshwater. Fish. Nat. Bur. Fish. Gene, Resources. India: Lucknow.
Arunachalam, M. (2000). Assemblage structure of stream fishes in the Western Ghats, (India). Hydrobiologia, 430, 1–31. doi:10.1023/A:1004080829388.
Arunachalam, M., Johnson, J. A., Sankaranarayanan, A., et al. (1997). Fish diversity in rivers of Northern Karnataka. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 23, 327–333.
Arunachalam, M., & Muralidharan, M. (2007). New record of Batasio sharavatiensis Bhatt and Jayaram from Tunga river, Karnataka. Zoos Print, 22(5), 2680–2682.
Arunachalam, M., Sivakumar, P., Muralidharan, M., et al. (2005). Proceedings of the national seminar, new trends in fishery development in India (pp. 253–286). Punjab University, Chandigarh, February 16–18.
Berger, W. H., & Parker, F. L. (1970). Diversity of planktonic Formanifera in deep-sea sediments. Science, 168, 45–1347. doi:10.1126/science.168.3937.1345.
Bhat, A. (2001). New reports of the species, Horahagrms brachysoma in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 98, 294–296.
Bhat, A., & Jayaram, K. C. (2003). A new species of the genus Batasio Blyth (Siluriformes: Bagridae) from Sharavathi River, Uttara Kannada, Karnataka. Zoos Print, 19(2), 1339–1342.
Bramblett, R. G., Johnson, T. R., Zale, A. V., Heggem, D. G., et al. (2005). Development and evaluation of a fish assemblage index of biotic integrity for Northwestern Great Plain Streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 134, 624–640.
Dutta Munshi, J. S., & Shrivastava, M. P. (1988). Natural history of fishes and systematics of freshwater fishes of India. New Delhi: Narendra.
Jayaram, K. C. (1999). The freshwater fishes of the Indian region. Delhi: Narendra.
Jhingran, A. (1991). Fish and fisheries of India (3rd ed.) Delhi: Hindustan.
Kannan, B. N. (1991). Fundamentals of environment pollution. New Delhi: Chand.
Karr, J. R., Faush, K. D., Angermeier, P. L., Yant, P. R., & Schlosser, I. J. (1986). Assessing biological integrity in running waters: A method and its rationale. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication, 5, 28.
Martin, P. (2004). Impact of pollution on the species diversity of fin fishes in the south Indian river, Tamiraparani. Indian Journal of Environmental Science, 8(2), 147–151.
Mittermeir, R. A., Myers, N. P. R., Mittermeir, C. G. H., et al. (2000). Hotspots, Earths biological richness and most endangered terrestrial ecoregion. Monterrey: CEMEX and Conservation International.
Naheed, A. Q., Rafique, M., Farooq, A. A., Mirza, M. R., et al. (1988). Fishes of the river Haro, Pakistan. Biologia, 34, 179–191.
Nelson, J. S. (1994). Fishes of the world (3rd ed.) New York: Wiley.
Pielou, E. C. (1966). The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. Journal of Biology (Online), 13, 131–144.
Ponnaiah, A., & Gopalakrishnan, G. A. (2000). Endemic fish diversity of Western Ghats. NBFGR-NATP Publication-1. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, U.P. India.
Pusey, B. J., Arthington, A. J., Read, M. G., et al. (1993). Spatial and temporal variation in fish assemblage structure in the Mary River, southeastern Queensland: the influence of habitat structure. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 37, 355–380. doi:10.1007/BF00005204.
Shannon, C. E., & Weaver, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communications. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Simpson, E. H. (1949). Measurement of diversity. Nature, 163, 668.
Sunkad, B. N., & Patil, H. S. (2003). Water quality assessment of Rakasakoppa reservoir of Belgaum, Karnataka. Indian Journal of Ecology, 30(1), 106–109.
Talwar, P. K., & Jhingran, A. (1991). Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH.
Venkateshwarlu, M., Shanmugham, M., Mallikarjun, M., et al. (2002). The fish fauna of Bhadra reservior Western Ghats. Journal Aquatic Biology, 17, 9–11.
Venkateshwarlu, M., Somashekar, D. S., Srigowri, J., Ashashree, H. M., et al. (2005). Fish fauna of Tunga reservoir, Karnataka. Proceedings of State Level Seminar on Biodiversity and Conservation, Haveri (pp. 22–25).
Wakid, A., & Biswas, S. P. (2005). Status and diversity of fish fauna in Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Assam. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 102(1), 50–55.
About this article
Cite this article
Shahnawaz, A., Venkateshwarlu, M., Somashekar, D.S. et al. Fish diversity with relation to water quality of Bhadra River of Western Ghats (INDIA). Environ Monit Assess 161, 83–91 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0729-0
- Fish fauna
- Water quality
- Habitat characteristics
- Anthropogenic pressure
- Bhadra river