Contamination of heavy metals, namely, lead, cadmium, zinc, nickel, copper, chromium and mercury was evaluated in the samples of water and tissues of Labeo rohita and Ctenopharyngodon idella of Upper Lake of Bhopal collected during summer, rainy and winter seasons of 2005–2006. Different organs of the fishes accumulated varying quantities of different heavy metals. In L. rohita, accumulation of heavy metals was in the sequence liver > kidney > gills > muscles, and in C. idella, it was gills > liver > kidney > muscles. Zn was the highest accumulating metal in fish, whilst Hg was the lowest and was well corroborated with those of water. The values of heavy metals were so far well within the maximum permissible standard value of heavy metals for drinking water and for fish culture as prescribed by various national and international agencies.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Adhikari, S., Ghosh, L., & Ayyappan, S. (2006). Combined effect of water pH and alkalinity on the accumulation of lead, cadmium and chromium to Labeo rohita (Hamilton). International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, 3(3), 289–296.
APHA (American Public Health Association) (1993). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (18th ed., pp. 1268). Washington, DC.
Ayejuyo, O. O., Olowu, R. A., Megwa, K. C., Denloye, A. A. B., & Owodehinde, F. G. (2003). Trace metals in Clarias lazera, water and sediments from Majidun River, Ikorodu, Nigeria. Research Communications in Fisheries, 1, 27–31.
BIS (1991). Drinking water specification IS: 10500: 1991. New Delhi, India: Bureau of Indian Standard.
Canli, M., Ay, O., & Kalay, M. (1998). Levels of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr and Ni) in tissue of Cyprinus carpio, Barbus capito and Chondrostoma regium from the Seyhan River, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 22, 149–157.
Coetzee, L., du Preez, H. H., & van Vuren, J. H. J. (2002). Metal concentrations in Clarias gariepinus and Labeo umbratus from the Olifants and Klein Olifants River, Mpumalanga, South Africa: Zinc, copper, manganese, lead, chromium, nickel, aluminium and iron. Water S.A., 28(4), 433–448.
Dallinger, D., & Kautzky, H. (1985). The importance of contaminated food for the uptake of heavy metals by rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri): A field study. Oecologia (Berlin), 67, 82–89. doi:10.1007/BF00378455.
Dasgupta, M., Goswami, S., & Goswami, A. (2007). Physico-chemical and biological characteristics of some Ox-bow Lakes of the new alluvial zone of West Bengal. Proceedings of DAE-BRNS, National Symposium on Limnology. (NSL), February 19–21, 2007, Udaipur, pp. 109–113.
Demirak, A., Yilmaz, F., Tuna, A. L., & Ozdemir, N. (2006). Heavy metals in water, sediment and tissues of Leuciscus cephalus from a stream in southwestern Turkey. Chemosphere, 63, 1451–1458. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.09.033.
FAO (1983). Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substance in fish and fishery products (Food and Agricultural Organization). FAO fishery circular, no. 464, pp. 5–100.
Fernandez, L. G., & Olalla, H. Y. (2000). Toxicity and bioaccumulation of lead and cadmium in marine protozoan communities. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 47, 266–276. doi:10.1006/eesa.2000.1944.
Gaur, V. K., Gupta, S. K., Pandey, S. D., Gopal, K., & Misra, V. (2005). Distribution of heavy metals in sediment and water of river Gomti. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 102, 419–433. doi:10.1007/s10661-005-6395-6.
Ghillebaert, F., Chaillou, C., Deschamps, F., & Roubaud, P. (1995). Toxic effects of three pH levels, of two reference molecules on common carp embryo. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 32, 19–28. doi:10.1006/eesa.1995.1080.
Gomez, A. K., & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.
Gupta, S. K., Dixit, S., & Tiwari, S. (2005). Assessment of heavy metals in surface water of Lower Lake, Bhopal, India. Pollution Research, 24(4), 805–808.
Haffor, S. A., & Al-Ayed, M. I. (2003). The effect of lead bioaccumulation on haem biosynthetic enzymes in fish. Journal of Environmental Biology, 24(3), 271–280.
Jain, C. K., & Sharma, M. K. (2001). Distribution of trace metals in the Hindon River system, India. Journal of Hydrology (Amsterdam), 253, 81–90. doi:10.1016/S0022-1694(01)00484-X.
Linnik, P. M., & Zubenko, I. B. (2000). Role of bottom sediments in the secondary pollution of aquatic environments by heavy-metal compounds. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management, 5, 11–21. doi:10.1046/j.1440-1770.2000.00094.x.
Mackeviciene, G. (2002). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in noble crayfish (Astacus astacus L.) tissues under aquaculture conditions. Ekologija (Vilnius), 2, 79–82.
Mohan, D., Gaur, A., & Choudhary, D. (2007). Study of limnological and microbiology of Naya Talab Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Proceedings of DAE-BRNS National Symposium on Limnology (NSL), February 19–21, 2007, Udaipur, pp. 64–68.
NAS-NRC (1977). National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council Drinking Water and Health (Vol. 1, pp. 1939). Washington DC: National Academic Press.
Nsikak, U. B., Joseph, P. E., Akan, B. W., & David, E. B. (2007). Mercury accumulation in fishes from tropical aquatic ecosystems in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Current Science, 92(6), 781–785.
Roesijadi, G. (1992). Metallothioneins in metal regulation and toxicity in aquatic animals. Aquatic Toxicology (Amsterdam, The Netherlands), 22, 81–113. doi:10.1016/0166-445X(92)90026-J.
Sarkar, S. K., Saha, M., Takada, H., Bhattacharya, A., Mishra, P., & Bhattacharya, B. (2007). Water quality management in the lower stretch of the river Ganga, east coast of India: An approach through environmental education. Journal of Cleaner Production, 15, 1559–1567. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.07.030.
Sivaperumal, P., Sankar, T. V., & Nair Viswanathan, P. G. (2007). Heavy metals concentrations in fish, shellfish and fish products from internal markets of India vis-à-vis international standards. Food Chemistry, 102, 612–620. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.05.041.
Sreenivasan, A. (1972). Energy transformation through primary productivity and fish production in some tropical freshwaters. In Productivity problems of freshwater. Proceedings of IBP-UNESCO Symposium on Productivity Problems of Freshwater, Kazimierz-Dolny, Poland 1970.
Wetzel, R. G., & Likens, G. E. (2006). Limnological analysis (3rd ed., p. 391). New York: Springer.
Wong, C. K., Wong, P. P. K., & Chu, L. M. (2001). Heavy metals concentrations in marine fishes collected from fish culture sites in Hong Kong. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 40, 60–69. doi:10.1007/s002440010148.
Yang, R., Yao, T., Xu, B., Jiang, G., & Xin, X. (2007). Accumulation features of organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in fish from high mountain lakes and Lhasa River in the Tibetan Plateau. Environment International, 33, 151–156. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2006.08.008.
Yilmaz, A. B. (2005). Comparison of heavy metals of grey mullet (Mugil cephalus L.) and sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) caught in Iskenderun Bay (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 29, 257–262.
About this article
Cite this article
Malik, N., Biswas, A.K., Qureshi, T.A. et al. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in fish tissues of a freshwater lake of Bhopal. Environ Monit Assess 160, 267 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0693-8
- Upper lake
- Heavy metals
- Water pollution